stat Man page

STAT(1) User Commands STAT(1)


stat – display file or file system status


stat [OPTION]… FILE…


Display file or file system status.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options

-L, –dereference
follow links

-f, –file-system
display file system status instead of file status

-c –format=FORMAT
use the specified FORMAT instead of the default; output a new‐
line after each use of FORMAT

like –format, but interpret backslash escapes, and do not out‐
put a mandatory trailing newline; if you want a newline, include
\n in FORMAT

-t, –terse
print the information in terse form

–help display this help and exit

output version information and exit

The valid format sequences for files (without –file-system):

%a access rights in octal (note ‘#’ and ‘0’ printf flags)

%A access rights in human readable form

%b number of blocks allocated (see %B)

%B the size in bytes of each block reported by %b

%C SELinux security context string

%d device number in decimal

%D device number in hex

%f raw mode in hex

%F file type

%g group ID of owner

%G group name of owner

%h number of hard links

%i inode number

%m mount point

%n file name

%N quoted file name with dereference if symbolic link

%o optimal I/O transfer size hint

%s total size, in bytes

%t major device type in hex, for character/block device special

%T minor device type in hex, for character/block device special

%u user ID of owner

%U user name of owner

%w time of file birth, human-readable; – if unknown

%W time of file birth, seconds since Epoch; 0 if unknown

%x time of last access, human-readable

%X time of last access, seconds since Epoch

%y time of last data modification, human-readable

%Y time of last data modification, seconds since Epoch

%z time of last status change, human-readable

%Z time of last status change, seconds since Epoch

Valid format sequences for file systems:

%a free blocks available to non-superuser

%b total data blocks in file system

%c total file nodes in file system

%d free file nodes in file system

%f free blocks in file system

%i file system ID in hex

%l maximum length of filenames

%n file name

%s block size (for faster transfers)

%S fundamental block size (for block counts)

%t file system type in hex

%T file system type in human readable form

NOTE: your shell may have its own version of stat, which usually super‐
sedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell’s docu‐
mentation for details about the options it supports.


Written by Michael Meskes.


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Copyright © 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU
GPL version 3 or later .
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.



Full documentation at:
or available locally via: info ‘(coreutils) stat invocation’

GNU coreutils 8.25 February 2016 STAT(1)