xmllint Man page

XMLLINT(1) xmllint Manual XMLLINT(1)

NAME

xmllint – command line XML tool

SYNOPSIS

xmllint [–version | –debug | –shell | –xpath “XPath_expression” |
–debugent | –copy | –recover | –noent | –noout | –nonet |
–path “PATH(S)” | –load-trace | –htmlout | –nowrap |
–valid | –postvalid | –dtdvalid URL | –dtdvalidfpi FPI |
–timing | –output FILE | –repeat | –insert | –compress |
–html | –xmlout | –push | –memory | –maxmem NBBYTES |
–nowarning | –noblanks | –nocdata | –format |
–encode ENCODING | –dropdtd | –nsclean | –testIO |
–catalogs | –nocatalogs | –auto | –xinclude |
–noxincludenode | –loaddtd | –dtdattr | –stream | –walker
| –pattern PATTERNVALUE | –chkregister | –relaxng SCHEMA |
–schema SCHEMA | –c14n] {XML-FILE(S)… | -}

xmllint –help

DESCRIPTION

The xmllint program parses one or more XML files, specified on the
command line as XML-FILE (or the standard input if the filename
provided is – ). It prints various types of output, depending upon the
options selected. It is useful for detecting errors both in XML code
and in the XML parser itself.

xmllint is included in libxml(3).

OPTIONS

xmllint accepts the following options (in alphabetical order):

–auto
Generate a small document for testing purposes.

–catalogs
Use the SGML catalog(s) from SGML_CATALOG_FILES. Otherwise XML
catalogs starting from /etc/xml/catalog are used by default.

–chkregister
Turn on node registration. Useful for developers testing libxml(3)
node tracking code.

–compress
Turn on gzip compression of output.

–copy
Test the internal copy implementation.

–c14n
Use the W3C XML Canonicalisation (C14N) to serialize the result of
parsing to stdout. It keeps comments in the result.

–dtdvalid URL
Use the DTD specified by an URL for validation.

–dtdvalidfpi FPI
Use the DTD specified by a Formal Public Identifier FPI for
validation, note that this will require a catalog exporting that
Formal Public Identifier to work.

–debug
Parse a file and output an annotated tree of the in-memory version
of the document.

–debugent
Debug the entities defined in the document.

–dropdtd
Remove DTD from output.

–dtdattr
Fetch external DTD and populate the tree with inherited attributes.

–encode ENCODING
Output in the given encoding. Note that this works for full
document not fragments or result from XPath queries.

–format
Reformat and reindent the output. The XMLLINT_INDENT environment
variable controls the indentation. The default value is two spaces
” “).

–help
Print out a short usage summary for xmllint.

–html
Use the HTML parser.

–htmlout
Output results as an HTML file. This causes xmllint to output the
necessary HTML tags surrounding the result tree output so the
results can be displayed/viewed in a browser.

–insert
Test for valid insertions.

–loaddtd
Fetch an external DTD.

–load-trace
Display all the documents loaded during the processing to stderr.

–maxmem NNBYTES
Test the parser memory support. NNBYTES is the maximum number of
bytes the library is allowed to allocate. This can also be used to
make sure batch processing of XML files will not exhaust the
virtual memory of the server running them.

–memory
Parse from memory.

–noblanks
Drop ignorable blank spaces.

–nocatalogs
Do not use any catalogs.

–nocdata
Substitute CDATA section by equivalent text nodes.

–noent
Substitute entity values for entity references. By default, xmllint
leaves entity references in place.

–nonet
Do not use the Internet to fetch DTDs or entities.

–noout
Suppress output. By default, xmllint outputs the result tree.

–nowarning
Do not emit warnings from the parser and/or validator.

–nowrap
Do not output HTML doc wrapper.

–noxincludenode
Do XInclude processing but do not generate XInclude start and end
nodes.

–nsclean
Remove redundant namespace declarations.

–output FILE
Define a file path where xmllint will save the result of parsing.
Usually the programs build a tree and save it on stdout, with this
option the result XML instance will be saved onto a file.

–path “PATH(S)”
Use the (space- or colon-separated) list of filesystem paths
specified by PATHS to load DTDs or entities. Enclose
space-separated lists by quotation marks.

–pattern PATTERNVALUE
Used to exercise the pattern recognition engine, which can be used
with the reader interface to the parser. It allows to select some
nodes in the document based on an XPath (subset) expression. Used
for debugging.

–postvalid
Validate after parsing has completed.

–push
Use the push mode of the parser.

–recover
Output any parsable portions of an invalid document.

–relaxng SCHEMA
Use RelaxNG file named SCHEMA for validation.

–repeat
Repeat 100 times, for timing or profiling.

–schema SCHEMA
Use a W3C XML Schema file named SCHEMA for validation.

–shell
Run a navigating shell. Details on available commands in shell mode
are below (see the section called “SHELL COMMANDS”).

–xpath “XPath_expression”
Run an XPath expression given as argument and print the result. In
case of a nodeset result, each node in the node set is serialized
in full in the output. In case of an empty node set the “XPath set
is empty” result will be shown and an error exit code will be
returned.

–stream
Use streaming API – useful when used in combination with –relaxng
or –valid options for validation of files that are too large to be
held in memory.

–testIO
Test user input/output support.

–timing
Output information about the time it takes xmllint to perform the
various steps.

–valid
Determine if the document is a valid instance of the included
Document Type Definition (DTD). A DTD to be validated against also
can be specified at the command line using the –dtdvalid option.
By default, xmllint also checks to determine if the document is
well-formed.

–version
Display the version of libxml(3) used.

–walker
Test the walker module, which is a reader interface but for a
document tree, instead of using the reader API on an unparsed
document it works on an existing in-memory tree. Used for
debugging.

–xinclude
Do XInclude processing.

–xmlout
Used in conjunction with –html. Usually when HTML is parsed the
document is saved with the HTML serializer. But with this option
the resulting document is saved with the XML serializer. This is
primarily used to generate XHTML from HTML input.

SHELL COMMANDS
xmllint offers an interactive shell mode invoked with the –shell
command. Available commands in shell mode include (in alphabetical
order):

base
Display XML base of the node.

bye
Leave the shell.

cat NODE
Display the given node or the current one.

cd PATH
Change the current node to the given path (if unique) or root if no
argument is given.

dir PATH
Dumps information about the node (namespace, attributes, content).

du PATH
Show the structure of the subtree under the given path or the
current node.

exit
Leave the shell.

help
Show this help.

free
Display memory usage.

load FILE

NAME

Load a new document with the given filename.

ls PATH
List contents of the given path or the current directory.

pwd
Display the path to the current node.

quit
Leave the shell.

save FILE

NAME

Save the current document to the given filename or to the original
name.

validate
Check the document for errors.

write FILE

NAME

Write the current node to the given filename.

ENVIRONMENT
SGML_CATALOG_FILES
SGML catalog behavior can be changed by redirecting queries to the
user’s own set of catalogs. This can be done by setting the
SGML_CATALOG_FILES environment variable to a list of catalogs. An
empty one should deactivate loading the default /etc/sgml/catalog
catalog.

XML_CATALOG_FILES
XML catalog behavior can be changed by redirecting queries to the
user’s own set of catalogs. This can be done by setting the
XML_CATALOG_FILES environment variable to a list of catalogs. An
empty one should deactivate loading the default /etc/xml/catalog
catalog.

XML_DEBUG_CATALOG
Setting the environment variable XML_DEBUG_CATALOG to non-zero
using the export command outputs debugging information related to
catalog operations.

XMLLINT_INDENT
Setting the environment variable XMLLINT_INDENT controls the
indentation. The default value is two spaces ” “.

DIAGNOSTICS
xmllint return codes provide information that can be used when calling
it from scripts.

0
No error

1
Unclassified

2
Error in DTD

3
Validation error

4
Validation error

5
Error in schema compilation

6
Error writing output

7
Error in pattern (generated when –pattern option is used)

8
Error in Reader registration (generated when –chkregister option
is used)

9
Out of memory error

SEE ALSO

libxml(3)

More information can be found at

· libxml(3) web page http://www.xmlsoft.org/

· W3C XSLT page http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt

AUTHORS
John Fleck
Author.

Ziying Sherwin
Author.

Heiko Rupp
Author.

COPRYRIGHT

Copyright © 2001, 2004

libxml2 $Date$ XMLLINT(1)

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