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NAME

adb – Android Debug Bridge

SYNOPSIS

adb [-d|-e|-s serialNumber] command

DESCRIPTION

Android Debug Bridge (adb) is a versatile command line tool that lets
you communicate with an emulator instance or connected Android-powered
device.

If there’s only one emulator running or only one device connected, the
adb command is sent to that device by default. If multiple emulators
are running and/or multiple devices are attached, you need to use the
-d, -e, or -s option to specify the target device to which the command
should be directed.

OPTIONS

-a Directs adb to listen on all interfaces for a connection.

-d Directs command to the only connected USB device. Returns an
error if more than one USB device is present.

-e Directs command to the only running emulator. Returns an error
if more than one emulator is running.

-s specific device
Directs command to the device or emulator with the given serial
number or qualifier. Overrides ANDROID_SERIAL environment vari‐
able.

-p product name or path
Simple product name like sooner, or a relative/absolute path to
a product out directory like out/target/product/sooner. If -p
is not specified, the ANDROID_PRODUCT_OUT environment variable
is used, which must be an absolute path.

-H Name of adb server host (default: localhost)

-P Port of adb server (default: 5037)

COMMANDS
adb devices [-l] List all connected devices. -l will also list device quali‐
fiers.

adb connect host[:port] Connect to a device via TCP/IP. Port 5555 is used by default if
no port number is specified.

adb disconnect [host[:port]] Disconnect from a TCP/IP device. Port 5555 is used by default
if no port number is specified. Using this command with no ad‐
ditional arguments will disconnect from all connected TCP/IP de‐
vices.

Device commands
adb push [-p] local remote
Copy file/dir to device. -p to display the transfer progress.

adb pull [-p] [-a] remote [local] Copy file/dir from device. -p to display the transfer progress,
-a means copy timestamp and mode.

adb sync [directory] Copy host->device only if changed. -l means list but don’t
copy.

If directory is not specified, /system, /vendor (if present), /oem (if
present) and /data partitions will be updated.

If it is system, vendor, oem or data, only the corresponding partition
is updated.

adb shell
Run remote shell interactively.

adb shell command
Run remote shell command.

adb emu command
Run emulator console command

adb logcat [filter-spec] View device log.

adb forward –list
List all forward socket connections. The format is a list of
lines with the following format: serial ” ” local ” ” remote
“\n”

adb forward local remote
Forward socket connections.

Forward specs are one of:

· tcp:port

· localabstract:unix domain socket name

· localreserved:unix domain socket name

· localfilesystem:unix domain socket name

· dev:character device name

· jdwp:process pid (remote only)

adb forward –no-rebind local remote
Same as “adb forward local remote” but fails if local is already for‐
warded

adb forward –remove local
Remove a specific forward socket connection.

adb forward –remove-all
Remove all forward socket connections.

adb reverse –list
List all reverse socket connections from device.

adb reverse remote local
Reverse socket connections.

Reverse specs are one of:

· tcp:port

· localabstract:unix domain socket name

· localreserved:unix domain socket name

· localfilesystem:unix domain socket name

adb reverse –norebind remote local
Same as ‘adb reverse remote local’ but fails if remote is already re‐
versed.

adb reverse –remove remote
Remove a specific reversed socket connection.

adb reverse –remove-all
Remove all reversed socket connections from device.

adb jdwp
List PIDs of processes hosting a JDWP transport.

adb install [-lrtsdg] file
Push this package file to the device and install it.

· -l: Forward lock application.

· -r: Replace existing application.

· -t: Allow test packages.

· -s: Install application on sdcard.

· -d: Allow version code downgrade.

· -g: Grant all runtime permissions.

adb install-multiple [-lrtsdpg] file…
Push this package file to the device and install it.

· -l: Forward lock application.

· -r: Replace existing application.

· -t: Allow test packages.

· -s: Install application on sdcard.

· -d: Allow version code downgrade.

· -p: Partial application install.

· -g: Grant all runtime permissions.

adb uninstall [-k] package
Remove this app package from the device. -k means keep the data and
cache directories.

adb bugreport
Return all information from the device that should be included in a
bug report

adb backup [-f file] [-apk|-noapk] [-obb|-noobb] [-shared|-noshared] [-all] [-system|-nosystem] [packages…] Write an archive of the device’s data to file. If no -f option is
supplied then the data is written to backup.ab in the current direc‐
tory.

-apk | -noapk enable/disable backup of the .apks themselves in the ar‐
chive; the default is noapk.

-obb | -noobb enable/disable backup of any installed apk expansion (aka
.obb) files associated with each application; the default is noobb.

-shared | -noshared enable/disable backup of the device’s shared stor‐
age / SD card contents; the default is noshared.

-all means to back up all installed applications.

-system | -nosystem toggles whether -all automatically includes system
applications; the default is to include system apps.

packages… is the list of applications to be backed up. If the -all
or -shared flags are passed, then the package list is optional. Appli‐
cations explicitly given on the command line will be included even if
-nosystem would ordinarily cause them to be omitted.

adb restore file
Restore device contents from the file backup archive.

adb disable-verity
Disable dm-verity checking on USERDEBUG builds.

adb enable-verity
Re-enable dm-verity checking on USERDEBUG builds.

adb keygen file
Generate adb public/private key. The private key is stored in
file, and the public key is stored in file.pub. Any existing
files are overwritten.

adb help
Show help message.

adb version
Show version number.

Scripting
adb wait-for-device
Block until device is online.

adb start-server
Ensure that there is a server running.

adb kill-server
Kill the server if it is running.

adb get-state
Prints: offline | bootloader | device

adb get-serialno
Prints: serial-number.

adb get-devpath
Prints: device-path.

adb remount
Remounts the /system, /vendor (if present) and /oem (if present)
partitions on the device read-write.

adb reboot [bootloader|recovery] Reboots the device, optionally into the bootloader or recovery
program.

adb reboot sideload
Reboots the device into the sideload mode in recovery program
(adb root required).

adb reboot sideload-auto-reboot
Reboots into the sideload mode, then reboots automatically after
the sideload regardless of the result.

adb sideload file
Sideloads the given package.

adb root
Restarts the adbd daemon with root permissions.

adb unroot
Restarts the adbd daemon without root permissions.

adb usb
Restarts the adbd daemon listening on USB.

adb tcpip port
Restarts the adbd daemon listening on TCP on the specified port.

Networking
adb ppp tty [parameters] Run PPP over USB.

parameters: Eg. defaultroute debug dump local notty usepeerdns

Note: you should not automatically start a PPP connection. tty refers
to the tty for PPP stream. Eg. dev:/dev/omap_csmi_tty1

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
ADB_TRACE
Print debug information. A comma separated list of the follow‐
ing values 1 or all, adb, sockets, packets, rwx, usb, sync, sys‐
deps, transport, jdwp

ANDROID_SERIAL
The serial number to connect to. -s takes priority over this if
given.

ANDROID_LOG_TAGS
When used with the logcat option, only these debug tags are
printed.

SEE ALSO

https://developer.android.com/tools/help/adb.html

AUTHORS
The Android Open Source Project.

android-platform-system-core 6.0.1_r16 (1.0.32) ADB(1)