chown Man page

Resume Wikipedia de Chown

chown est un appel système et une commande UNIX (norme POSIX) nécessitant les droits de root pour changer le propriétaire d’un fichier ou dossier (de l’anglais change the owner).
Traditionnellement, les UNIX System V permettent au propriétaire de changer le possesseur d’un fichier, mais dans la tradition BSD et sous GNU/Linux, seul root peut changer le propriétaire d’un fichier, notamment pour éviter qu’un utilisateur échappe au quotas disque en donnant ses fichiers à un autre utilisateur.

Resume Wikipedia de Chown

chown est un appel système et une commande UNIX (norme POSIX) nécessitant les droits de root pour changer le propriétaire d’un fichier ou dossier (de l’anglais change the owner).
Traditionnellement, les UNIX System V permettent au propriétaire de changer le possesseur d’un fichier, mais dans la tradition BSD et sous GNU/Linux, seul root peut changer le propriétaire d’un fichier, notamment pour éviter qu’un utilisateur échappe au quotas disque en donnant ses fichiers à un autre utilisateur.

CHOWN(1) User Commands CHOWN(1)

NAME

chown – change file owner and group

SYNOPSIS

chown [OPTION]… [OWNER][:[GROUP]] FILE…
chown [OPTION]… –reference=RFILE FILE…

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents the GNU version of chown. chown changes the
user and/or group ownership of each given file. If only an owner (a
user name or numeric user ID) is given, that user is made the owner of
each given file, and the files’ group is not changed. If the owner is
followed by a colon and a group name (or numeric group ID), with no
spaces between them, the group ownership of the files is changed as
well. If a colon but no group name follows the user name, that user is
made the owner of the files and the group of the files is changed to
that user’s login group. If the colon and group are given, but the
owner is omitted, only the group of the files is changed; in this case,
chown performs the same function as chgrp. If only a colon is given,
or if the entire operand is empty, neither the owner nor the group is
changed.

OPTIONS

Change the owner and/or group of each FILE to OWNER and/or GROUP. With
–reference, change the owner and group of each FILE to those of RFILE.

-c, –changes
like verbose but report only when a change is made

-f, –silent, –quiet
suppress most error messages

-v, –verbose
output a diagnostic for every file processed

–dereference
affect the referent of each symbolic link (this is the default),
rather than the symbolic link itself

-h, –no-dereference
affect symbolic links instead of any referenced file (useful
only on systems that can change the ownership of a symlink)

–from=CURRENT_OWNER:CURRENT_GROUP
change the owner and/or group of each file only if its current
owner and/or group match those specified here. Either may be
omitted, in which case a match is not required for the omitted
attribute

–no-preserve-root
do not treat ‘/’ specially (the default)

–preserve-root
fail to operate recursively on ‘/’

–reference=RFILE
use RFILE’s owner and group rather than specifying OWNER:GROUP
values

-R, –recursive
operate on files and directories recursively

The following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R
option is also specified. If more than one is specified, only the
final one takes effect.

-H if a command line argument is a symbolic link to a directory,
traverse it

-L traverse every symbolic link to a directory encountered

-P do not traverse any symbolic links (default)

–help display this help and exit

–version
output version information and exit

Owner is unchanged if missing. Group is unchanged if missing, but
changed to login group if implied by a ‘:’ following a symbolic OWNER.
OWNER and GROUP may be numeric as well as symbolic.

EXAMPLES
chown root /u
Change the owner of /u to “root”.

chown root:staff /u
Likewise, but also change its group to “staff”.

chown -hR root /u
Change the owner of /u and subfiles to “root”.

AUTHOR

Written by David MacKenzie and Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS

GNU coreutils online help:
Report chown translation bugs to

COPRYRIGHT

Copyright © 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU
GPL version 3 or later .
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO

chown

Full documentation at:
or available locally via: info ‘(coreutils) chown invocation’

GNU coreutils 8.25 February 2016 CHOWN(1)

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