ECHO(1) User Commands ECHO(1)
echo – display a line of text
echo [SHORT-OPTION]… [STRING]…
Echo the STRING(s) to standard output.
-n do not output the trailing newline
-e enable interpretation of backslash escapes
-E disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default)
–help display this help and exit
output version information and exit
If -e is in effect, the following sequences are recognized:
\a alert (BEL)
\c produce no further output
\f form feed
\n new line
\r carriage return
\t horizontal tab
\v vertical tab
\0NNN byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)
\xHH byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)
NOTE: your shell may have its own version of echo, which usually super‐
sedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell’s docu‐
mentation for details about the options it supports.
Written by Brian Fox and Chet Ramey.
GNU coreutils online help:
Report echo translation bugs to
Copyright © 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU
GPL version 3 or later
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
Full documentation at:
or available locally via: info ‘(coreutils) echo invocation’
GNU coreutils 8.25 February 2016 ECHO(1)