editcap Man page

EDITCAP(1) The Wireshark Network Analyzer EDITCAP(1)

NAME

editcap – Edit and/or translate the format of capture files

SYNOPSIS

editcap [ -a ] [ -A ] [ -B ] [ -c ] [ -C [offset:] ] [ -E ] [ -F ] [ -h ] [ -i ] [ -o ] [ -L ] [ -r ] [ -s ] [ -S ] [ -t

editcap -d | -D | -w [ -v ] [ -I ] infile outfile

editcap [ -V ]

DESCRIPTION

Editcap is a program that reads some or all of the captured packets
from the infile, optionally converts them in various ways and writes
the resulting packets to the capture outfile (or outfiles).

By default, it reads all packets from the infile and writes them to the
outfile in pcap file format.

An optional list of packet numbers can be specified on the command
tail; individual packet numbers separated by whitespace and/or ranges
of packet numbers can be specified as start-end, referring to all
packets from start to end. By default the selected packets with those
numbers will not be written to the capture file. If the -r flag is
specified, the whole packet selection is reversed; in that case only
the selected packets will be written to the capture file.

Editcap can also be used to remove duplicate packets. Several
different options (-d, -D and -w) are used to control the packet window
or relative time window to be used for duplicate comparison.

Editcap can be used to assign comment strings to frame numbers.

Editcap is able to detect, read and write the same capture files that
are supported by Wireshark. The input file doesn’t need a specific
filename extension; the file format and an optional gzip compression
will be automatically detected. Near the beginning of the

DESCRIPTION

section of wireshark or
is a detailed
description of the way Wireshark handles this, which is the same way
Editcap handles this.

Editcap can write the file in several output formats. The -F flag can
be used to specify the format in which to write the capture file;
editcap -F provides a list of the available output formats.

OPTIONS

-a
For the specificed frame number, assign the given comment string.
Can be repeated for multiple frames. Quotes should be used with
comment strings that include spaces.

-A
Saves only the packets whose timestamp is on or after start time.
The time is given in the following format YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS

-B
Saves only the packets whose timestamp is before stop time. The
time is given in the following format YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS

-c Splits the packet output to different files based on uniform packet
counts with a maximum of each. Each output file
will be created with a suffix -nnnnn, starting with 00000. If the
specified number of packets is written to the output file, the next
output file is opened. The default is to use a single output file.

-C [offset:]
Sets the chop length to use when writing the packet data. Each
packet is chopped by bytes of data. Positive values chop
at the packet beginning while negative values chop at the packet
end.

If an optional offset precedes the , then the bytes
chopped will be offset from that value. Positive offsets are from
the packet beginning, while negative offsets are from the packet
end.

This is useful for chopping headers for decapsulation of an entire
capture, removing tunneling headers, or in the rare case that the
conversion between two file formats leaves some random bytes at the
end of each packet. Another use is for removing vlan tags.

NOTE: This option can be used more than once, effectively allowing
you to chop bytes from up to two different areas of a packet in a
single pass provided that you specify at least one chop length as a
positive value and at least one as a negative value. All positive
chop lengths are added together as are all negative chop lengths.

-d Attempts to remove duplicate packets. The length and MD5 hash of
the current packet are compared to the previous four (4) packets.
If a match is found, the current packet is skipped. This option is
equivalent to using the option -D 5.

-D
Attempts to remove duplicate packets. The length and MD5 hash of
the current packet are compared to the previous – 1
packets. If a match is found, the current packet is skipped.

The use of the option -D 0 combined with the -v option is useful in
that each packet’s Packet number, Len and MD5 Hash will be printed
to standard out. This verbose output (specifically the MD5 hash
strings) can be useful in scripts to identify duplicate packets
across trace files.

The is specified as an integer value between 0 and
1000000 (inclusive).

NOTE: Specifying large values with large tracefiles
can result in very long processing times for editcap.

-E
Sets the probability that bytes in the output file are randomly
changed. Editcap uses that probability (between 0.0 and 1.0
inclusive) to apply errors to each data byte in the file. For
instance, a probability of 0.02 means that each byte has a 2%
chance of having an error.

This option is meant to be used for fuzz-testing protocol
dissectors.

-F
Sets the file format of the output capture file. Editcap can write
the file in several formats, editcap -F provides a list of the
available output formats. The default is the pcap format.

-h Prints the version and options and exits.

-i
Splits the packet output to different files based on uniform time
intervals using a maximum interval of each. Each
output file will be created with a suffix -nnnnn, starting with
00000. If packets for the specified time interval are written to
the output file, the next output file is opened. The default is to
use a single output file.

-I
Ignore the specified bytes number at the beginning of the frame
during MD5 hash calculation Useful to remove duplicated packets
taken on several routers(differents mac addresses for example) e.g.
-I 26 in case of Ether/IP/ will ignore ether(14) and IP header(20 –
4(src ip) – 4(dst ip)). The default value is 0.

-L Adjust the original frame length accordingly when chopping and/or
snapping (in addition to the captured length, which is always
adjusted regardless of whether -L is specified or not). See also
-C and -s .

-o
When used in conjuction with -E, skip some bytes from the beginning
of the packet from being changed. In this way some headers don’t
get changed, and the fuzzer is more focused on a smaller part of
the packet. Keeping a part of the packet fixed the same dissector
is triggered, that make the fuzzing more precise.

-r Reverse the packet selection. Causes the packets whose packet
numbers are specified on the command line to be written to the
output capture file, instead of discarding them.

-s
Sets the snapshot length to use when writing the data. If the -s
flag is used to specify a snapshot length, packets in the input
file with more captured data than the specified snapshot length
will have only the amount of data specified by the snapshot length
written to the output file.

This may be useful if the program that is to read the output file
cannot handle packets larger than a certain size (for example, the
versions of snoop in Solaris 2.5.1 and Solaris 2.6 appear to reject
Ethernet packets larger than the standard Ethernet MTU, making them
incapable of handling gigabit Ethernet captures if jumbo packets
were used).

-S
Time adjust selected packets to ensure strict chronological order.

The value represents relative seconds
specified as [-]seconds[.fractional seconds].

As the capture file is processed each packet’s absolute time is
possibly adjusted to be equal to or greater than the previous
packet’s absolute timestamp depending on the value.

If value is 0 or greater (e.g. 0.000001)
then only packets with a timestamp less than the previous packet
will adjusted. The adjusted timestamp value will be set to be
equal to the timestamp value of the previous packet plus the value
of the value. A
value of 0 will adjust the minimum number of timestamp values
necessary to ensure that the resulting capture file is in strict
chronological order.

If value is specified as a negative value,
then the timestamp values of all packets will be adjusted to be
equal to the timestamp value of the previous packet plus the
absolute value of the strict time adjustment value. A
value of -0 will result in all packets
having the timestamp value of the first packet.

This feature is useful when the trace file has an occasional packet
with a negative delta time relative to the previous packet.

-t

This feature is useful when synchronizing dumps collected on
different machines where the time difference between the two
machines is known or can be estimated.

-T
Sets the packet encapsulation type of the output capture file. If
the -T flag is used to specify an encapsulation type, the
encapsulation type of the output capture file will be forced to the
specified type. editcap -T provides a list of the available types.
The default type is the one appropriate to the encapsulation type
of the input capture file.

Note: this merely forces the encapsulation type of the output file
to be the specified type; the packet headers of the packets will
not be translated from the encapsulation type of the input capture
file to the specified encapsulation type (for example, it will not
translate an Ethernet capture to an FDDI capture if an Ethernet
capture is read and ‘-T fddi’ is specified). If you need to
remove/add headers from/to a packet, you will need
od/text2pcap.

-v Causes editcap to print verbose messages while it’s working.

Use of -v with the de-duplication switches of -d, -D or -w will
cause all MD5 hashes to be printed whether the packet is skipped or
not.

-V Print the version and exit.

-w
Attempts to remove duplicate packets. The current packet’s arrival
time is compared with up to 1000000 previous packets. If the
packet’s relative arrival time is less than or equal to the of a previous packet and the packet length and MD5
hash of the current packet are the same then the packet to skipped.
The duplicate comparison test stops when the current packet’s
relative arrival time is greater than .

The is specified as seconds[.fractional seconds].

The [.fractional seconds] component can be specified to nine (9)
decimal places (billionths of a second) but most typical trace
files have resolution to six (6) decimal places (millionths of a
second).

NOTE: Specifying large values with large
tracefiles can result in very long processing times for editcap.

NOTE: The -w option assumes that the packets are in chronological
order. If the packets are NOT in chronological order then the -w
duplication removal option may not identify some duplicates.

EXAMPLES
To see more detailed description of the options use:

editcap -h

To shrink the capture file by truncating the packets at 64 bytes and
writing it as Sun snoop file use:

editcap -s 64 -F snoop capture.pcap shortcapture.snoop

To delete packet 1000 from the capture file use:

editcap capture.pcap sans1000.pcap 1000

To limit a capture file to packets from number 200 to 750 (inclusive)
use:

editcap -r capture.pcap small.pcap 200-750

To get all packets from number 1-500 (inclusive) use:

editcap -r capture.pcap first500.pcap 1-500

or

editcap capture.pcap first500.pcap 501-9999999

To exclude packets 1, 5, 10 to 20 and 30 to 40 from the new file use:

editcap capture.pcap exclude.pcap 1 5 10-20 30-40

To select just packets 1, 5, 10 to 20 and 30 to 40 for the new file
use:

editcap -r capture.pcap select.pcap 1 5 10-20 30-40

To remove duplicate packets seen within the prior four frames use:

editcap -d capture.pcap dedup.pcap

To remove duplicate packets seen within the prior 100 frames use:

editcap -D 101 capture.pcap dedup.pcap

To remove duplicate packets seen equal to or less than 1/10th of a
second:

editcap -w 0.1 capture.pcap dedup.pcap

To display the MD5 hash for all of the packets (and NOT generate any
real output file):

editcap -v -D 0 capture.pcap /dev/null

or on Windows systems

editcap -v -D 0 capture.pcap NUL

To advance the timestamps of each packet forward by 3.0827 seconds:

editcap -t 3.0827 capture.pcap adjusted.pcap

To ensure all timestamps are in strict chronological order:

editcap -S 0 capture.pcap adjusted.pcap

To introduce 5% random errors in a capture file use:

editcap -E 0.05 capture.pcap capture_error.pcap

To remove vlan tags from all packets within an Ethernet-encapsulated
capture file, use:

editcap -L -C 12:4 capture_vlan.pcap capture_no_vlan.pcap

To chop both the 10 byte and 20 byte regions from the following 75 byte
packet in a single pass, use any of the 8 possible methods provided
below:

<--------------------------- 75 ---------------------------->

+—+——-+———–+—————+——————-+
| 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | 25 |
+—+——-+———–+—————+——————-+

1) editcap -C 5:10 -C -25:-20 capture.pcap chopped.pcap
2) editcap -C 5:10 -C 50:-20 capture.pcap chopped.pcap
3) editcap -C -70:10 -C -25:-20 capture.pcap chopped.pcap
4) editcap -C -70:10 -C 50:-20 capture.pcap chopped.pcap
5) editcap -C 30:20 -C -60:-10 capture.pcap chopped.pcap
6) editcap -C 30:20 -C 15:-10 capture.pcap chopped.pcap
7) editcap -C -45:20 -C -60:-10 capture.pcap chopped.pcap
8) editcap -C -45:20 -C 15:-10 capture.pcap chopped.pcap

To add comment strings to the first 2 input frames, use:

editcap -a “1:1st frame” -a 2:Second capture.pcap capture-comments.pcap

SEE ALSO

pcap(3), wireshark, tshark(1), mergecap, dumpcap, capinfos,
text2pcap, od, pcap-filter(7) or tcpdump(8)

NOTES
Editcap is part of the Wireshark distribution. The latest version of
Wireshark can be found at .

HTML versions of the Wireshark project man pages are available at:
.

AUTHORS
Original Author
——– ——
Richard Sharpe

Contributors
————
Guy Harris
Ulf Lamping

2.0.2 2016-02-28 EDITCAP(1)