fig2dev Man page

FIG2DEV(1) General Commands Manual FIG2DEV(1)

NAME

fig2dev – translates Fig code to various graphics languages

SYNOPSIS

fig2dev -L language [ -m mag ] [ -f font ] [ -s fsize ] [ other options
] [ fig-file [ out-file ] ]

DESCRIPTION

Fig2dev translates fig code in the named fig-file into the specified
graphics language and puts them in out-file. The default fig-file and
out-file are standard input and standard output, respectively

Xfig (Facility for Interactive Generation of figures) is a screen-ori‐
ented tool which runs under the X Window System, and allows the user to
draw and manipulate objects interactively. This version of fig2dev is
compatible with xfig versions 1.3, 1.4, 2.0, 2.1, 3.0, 3.1 and 3.2.

Xfig version 3.2.3 and later saves and allows the user to edit comments
for each Fig object. These comments are output with several of the
output languages, such as PostScript, CGM, EMF, LaTeX, MetaFont,
PicTeX, (as % comments), tk (as # comments), and pic (as .\” comments).

GENERAL OPTIONS (all drivers)
-L language
Set the output graphics language. Valid languages are box, cgm,
epic, eepic, eepicemu, emf, eps, gbx (Gerber beta driver), gif,
ibmgl, jpeg, latex, map (HTML image map), mf (MetaFont), mp
(MetaPost), mmp (Multi-MetaPost), pcx, pdf, pdftex, pdftex_t,
pdftex_p, pic, pictex, png, ppm, ps, pstex, pstex_t, pstex_p,
pstricks, ptk (Perl/tk), shape (LaTeX shaped paragraphs), sld
(AutoCad slide format), svg (beta driver), textyl, tiff, tk
(tcl/tk), tpic, xbm and xpm.

Notes:
dvips
and xdvi must be compiled with the tpic support (-DTPIC) for
epic, eepic and tpic to work.
You must have ghostscript and ps2pdf, which comes with the
ghostscript distribution to get the pdf output and the bitmap
formats (png, jpeg, etc.), and the netpbm (pbmplus) package to
get gif, xbm, xpm, and sld output.

-h Print help message with all options for all output languages
then exit.

-V Print the program version number and exit.

-D +/-rangelist
With +rangelist, keep only those depths in the list. With
-rangelist, keep all depths except those in the list. The range‐
list may be a list of comma-separated numbers or ranges sepa‐
rated by colon (:). For example, -D +10,40,55:70,80 means keep
only layers 10, 40, 55 through 70, and 80.

-K The selection of the depths with the ‘-D +/-rangelist’ option
does normally not affect the calcualtion of the bounding box.
Thus the generated document might have a much larger bounding
box than necessary. If -K is given then the bounding box is
adjusted to include only those objects in the selected depths.

-f font
Set the default font used for text objects to font. The default
is Roman; the format of this option depends on the graphics lan‐
guage in use. In TeX-based languages, the font is the base of
the name given in lfonts.tex, for instance “cmr” for Roman, or
“tt” for teletype. In PostScript, it is any font name known to
the printer or interpreter. For Gerber it has no effect.

-G minor[:major][:unit] Draws a grid on the page. Specify thin, or thin and thick line
spacing in one of several units. For example, “-G .25:1cm”
draws a thin, gray line every .25 cm and a thicker gray line
every 1 cm. Specifying “-G 1in” draws a thin line every 1 inch.
Fractions may be used, e.g. “-G 1/16:1/2in” will draw a thin
line every 1/16 inch (0.0625 inch) and a thick line every 1/2
inch.
Allowable units are: i, in, inch, f, ft, feet, c, cm, mm, and m.
Only allowed for PostScript, EPS, PDF, and bitmap (GIF, JPEG,
etc) drivers for now.

-j Enable the I18N internationalization facility.

-m mag Set the magnification at which the figure is rendered to mag.
The default is 1.0. This may not be used with the maxdimension
option (-Z).

-s size
Set the default font size (in points) for text objects to fsize.
The default is 11*mag, and thus is scaled by the -m option. If
there is no scaling, the default font is eleven point Roman.”

-Z maxdimension
Scale the figure so that the maximum dimension (width or height)
is maxdimension inches or cm, depending on whether the figure
was saved with imperial or metric units. This may not be used
with the magnification option (-m).

other options
The other options are specific to the choice of graphics lan‐
guage, as described below.

CGM

OPTIONS

CGM is Computer Graphics Metafile, developed by ISO and ANSI and is a
vector-based plus bitmap language. Microsoft WORD, PowerPoint and
probably other products can import this format and display it on the
screen, something that they won’t do with EPS files that have an ASCII
preview.

-b dummyarg
Generate binary output (dummy argument required after the “-b”).

-r Position arrowheads for CGM viewers that display rounded arrow‐
heads. Normally, arrowheads are pointed, so fig2dev compensates
for this by moving the endpoint of the line back so the tip of
the arrowhead ends where the original endpoint of the line was.
If the -r option is used, the position of arrows will NOT be
corrected for compensating line width effects, because the
rounded arrowhead doesn’t extend beyond the endpoint of the
line.

EMF

OPTIONS

EMF is Enhanced Metafile, developed by Microsoft and is a vector-based
plus bitmap language. Microsoft WORD, PowerPoint and probably other
products can import this format and display it on the screen, something
that they won’t do with EPS files that have an ASCII preview.

EPIC

OPTIONS

EPIC is an enhancement to LaTeX picture drawing environment. It was
developed by Sunil Podar of Department of Computer Science in S.U.N.Y
at Stony Brook.

EEPIC is an extension to EPIC and LaTeX picture drawing environment
which uses tpic specials as a graphics mechanism. It was written by
Conrad Kwok of Division of Computer Science at University of Califor‐
nia, Davis.

EEPIC-EMU is an EEPIC emulation package which does not use tpic spe‐
cials.

-A factor
Scale arrowheads by factor. The width and height of arrowheads
is divided by this factor. This is because EPIC arrowheads are
normally about double the size of TeX arrowheads.

-E num Set encoding for text translation (0 = none, 1 = ISO-8859-1, 2 =
ISO-8859-2)

-F Don’t set the font face, series, and style; only set it’s size
and the baselineskip. By default, fig2dev sets all 5 font param‐
eters when it puts some text. The disadvantage is that you can’t
set the font from your LaTeX document. With this option on, you
can set the font from your LaTeX document (like “\sfshape \input
picture.eepic”).

If any of the pictures included in your LaTeX document has been
generated with -F, then all pictures must be generated with this
option.

This option can be used only when fig2dev was compiled with NFSS
defined.

-l width
Use “\thicklines” when width of the line is wider than lwidth.
The default is 2.

-P Generate a complete LaTeX file. In other words, the output file
can be formatted without requiring any changes. The additional
text inserted in the beginning and at the end of the file is
controlled by the configuration parameter “Preamble” and “Post‐
amble”.

-R Allow rotated text. Rotated text will be set using the \rotate‐
box command. So, you will need to include “\usepackage{graph‐
ics}” in the preamble of your LaTeX document.

If this option is not set, then rotated text will be set hori‐
zontally.

-S scale
Set the scale to which the figure is rendered. This option
automatically sets the magnification and size to scale / 12 and
scale respectively.

-t stretch
Set the stretch factor of dashed lines to sretch. The default
is 30.

-v Include comments in the output file.

-W Enable variable line width. By default, only two line widths
are available: The normal line width (hinlines), and thick lines
(hicklines), if a line width of more than one is selected in
xfig.

-w Disable variable line width. Only “\thicklines” and/or “\thin‐
lines” commands will be generated in the output file.

When variable line width option is enabled, “\thinlines” command
is still used when line width is less than LineThick. One poten‐
tial problem is that the width of “\thinlines” is 0.4pt but the
resolution of Fig is 1/80 inch (approx. 1pt). If LineThick is
set to 2, normal lines will be drawn in 0.4pt wide lines but the
next line width is already 2pt. One possible solution is to set
LineThick to 1 and set the width of the those lines you want to
be drawn in “\thinlines” to 0.

Due to this problem, Variable line width VarWidth is defaulted
to be false.

IBM-GL (HP/GL)

OPTIONS

IBM-GL (IBM Graphics Language) is compatible with HP-GL (Hewlett-
Packard Graphics Language).

-a Select ISO A4 (ANSI A) paper size if the default is ANSI A (ISO
A4) paper size.

-c Generate instructions for an IBM 6180 Color Plotter with (with‐
out) an IBM Graphics Enhancement Cartridge (IBM-GEC).

-d xll,yll,xur,yur
Restrict plotting to a rectangular area of the plotter paper
which has a lower left hand corner at (xll,yll) and a upper
right hand corner at (xur,yur). All four numbers are in inches
and follow -d in a comma-sparated list – xll,yll,xur,yur – with
no spaces between them.

-f file
Load text character specifications from the table in the fonts
file. The table must have 36 entries – one for each font plus a
default. Each entry consists of 5 numbers which specify the 1.)
standard character set (0 – 4, 6 – 9, 30 – 39), 2.) alternate
character set (0 – 4, 6 – 9, 30 – 39), 3.) character slant angle
(degrees), 4.) character width scale factor and 5.) character
height scale factor.

-k Precede output with PCL command to use HP/GL

-l pattfile
Load area fill line patterns from the table in the pattfile
file. The table must have 21 entries – one for each of the area
fill patterns. Each entry consists of 5 numbers which specify
the 1.) pattern number (-1 – 6), 2.) pattern length (inches),
3.) fill type (1 – 5), 4.) fill spacing (inches) and 5.) fill
angle (degrees).

-m mag,x0,y0
The magnification may appear as the first element in a comma
separated list – mag,x0,y0 – where the second and third parame‐
ters specify an offset in inches.

-P Rotate the figure to portrait mode. The default is landscape
mode.

-p penfile
Load plotter pen specifications from the table in the penfile
file. The table must have 9 entries – one for each color plus a
default. Each entry consists of 2 numbers which specify the 1.)
pen number (1 – 8) and 2.) pen thickness (millimeters).

-S speed
Set the pen speed to speed (centimeters/second).

-v Plot the figure upside-down in portrait mode or backwards in
landscape mode. This allows you to write on the top surface of
overhead transparencies without disturbing the plotter ink on
the bottom surface.

Fig2dev may be installed with either ANSI A or ISO A4 default paper
size. The -a option selects the alternate paper size. Fig2dev does
not fill closed splines. The IBM-GEC is required to fill other poly‐
gons. Fig2dev may be installed for plotters with or without the IBM-
GEC. The -c option selects the alternate instruction set.

OPTIONS COMMON TO ALL BITMAP FORMATS
-b borderwidth
Make blank border around figure of width borderwidth.

-F Use correct font sizes (points, 1/72 inch) instead of the tradi‐
tional size that xfig/fig2dev uses, which is (1/80 inch). The
corresponding xfig command-line option is -correct_font_size.

-g color
Use color for the background.

-N Convert all colors to grayscale.

-S smoothfactor
This will smooth the output by passing smoothfactor to ghost‐
script in the -dTextAlphaBits and -dGraphicsAlphaBits options to
improve font rendering and graphic smoothing. A value of 2 for
smoothfactor provides some smoothing and 4 provides more.

GIF

OPTIONS

-t color
Use color for the transparent color in the GIF file. This must
be specified in the same format that ppmmake allows. It may
allow an X11 color name, but at least you may use a six-digit
hexadecimal RGBvalue using the # sign, e.g. #ff0000 (Red).

JPEG

OPTIONS

-q image_quality
use the integer value image_quality for the JPEG “Quality” fac‐
tor. Valid values are 0-100, with the default being 75.

LATEX

OPTIONS

-d dmag
Set a separate magnification for the length of line dashes to
dmag.

-E num Set encoding for latex text translation (0 no translation, 1
ISO-8859-1, 2 ISO-8859-2)

-l lwidth
Sets the threshold between LaTeX thin and thick lines to lwidth
pixels. LaTeX supports only two different line width: \thin‐
lines and \thicklines. Lines of width greater than lwidth pix‐
els are drawn as \thicklines. Also affects the size of dots in
dotted line style. The default is 1.

-v Verbose mode.

LaTeX cannot accurately represent all the graphics objects which can be
described by Fig. For example, the possible slopes which lines may
have are limited. Some objects, such as spline curves, cannot be drawn
at all. Fig2latex chooses the closest possible line slope, and prints
error messages when objects cannot be drawn accurately

MAP (HTML image map)

OPTIONS

Xfig version 3.2.3 and later saves and allows the user to edit comments
for each Fig object. The fig2dev map output language will produce an
HTML image map using Fig objects that have href=”some_html_reference”
in their comments. Any Fig object except compound objects may used for
this. Usually, besides generating the map file, you would also gener‐
ate a PNG file, which is the image to which the map refers.

For example, you may have an xfig drawing with an imported image that
has the comment href=”go_here.html” and a box object with a comment
href=”go_away.html”. This will produce an image map file such the user
may click on the image and the browser will load the “go_here.html”
page, or click on the box and the browser will load the “go_away.html”
page.

After the map file is generated by fig2dev you will need to edit it to
fill out any additional information it may need.

-b borderwidth
Make blank border around figure of width borderwidth.

METAFONT

OPTIONS

fig2dev scales the figure by 1/8 before generating METAFONT code. The
magnification can be further changed with the -m option or by giving
magnification options to mf.

In order to process the generated METAFONT code, the mfpic macros must
be installed where mf can find them. The mfpic macro package is avail‐
able at any CTAN cite under the subdirectory: graphics/mfpic

-C code
specifies the starting METAFONT font code. The default is 32.

-n name
specifies the name to use in the output file.

-p pen_magnification
specifies how much the line width should be magnified compared
to the original figure. The default is 1.

-t top specifies the top of the whole coordinate system. The default is
ypos.

-x xmin
specifies the minimum x coordinate value of the figure (inches).
The default is 0.

-y ymin
specifies the minimum y coordinate value of the figure (inches).
The default is 0.

-X xmax
specifies the maximum x coordinate value of the figure (inches).
The default is 8.

-Y ymax
specifies the maximum y coordinate value of the figure (inches).
The default is 8.

METAPOST

OPTIONS

-i file
Include file content via \input-command.

-I file
Include file content as additional header.

-o Old mode (no latex).

-p number
Adds the line “prologues:=number” to the output.

PIC

OPTIONS

-p ext Enables the use of certain PIC extensions which are known to
work with the groff package; compatibility with DWB PIC is
unknown. The extensions enabled by each option are:

arc Allow ARC_BOX i.e. use rounded corners
line Use the ‘line_thickness’ value
fill Allow ellipses to be filled
all Use all of the above
psfont Don’t convert Postscript fonts generic type
(useful for files going to be Ditroff’ed for
and printed on PS printer). DWB-compatible.
allps Use all of the above (i.e. “all” + “psfont”)

PICTEX

OPTIONS

In order to include PiCTeX pictures into a document, it is necessary to
load the PiCTeX macros.

PiCTeX uses TeX integer register arithmetic to generate curves, and so
it is very slow. PiCTeX draws curves by \put-ing the psymbol repeat‐
edly, and so requires a large amount of TeX’s internal memory, and gen‐
erates large DVI files. The size of TeX’s memory limits the number of
plot symbols in a picture. As a result, it is best to use PiCTeX to
generate small pictures.

-E num Set encoding for latex text translation (0 no translation, 1
ISO-8859-1, 2 ISO-8859-2)

GBX OPTIONS (Gerber, RS-247-X)
Typically you will wish to set the y scale to -1. See -g for more
information.

-d [mm|in] Output dimensions should be assumed to be millimeters (mm) or
inches (in). The default is millimeters.

-p [pos|neg] Select the image polarity. For positive images lines drawn in
the fig file will generate lines of material. For negative
images lines drawn in the fig file will result in removed mate‐
rial. Consider etching a chrome on glass transmission mask.
Drawing lines in the fig file and choosing ‘neg’ will result in
these lines being etched through the chrome, leaving transparent
lines.

-g x++
This controls the geometry of the output, scaling the dimensions
as shown and applying the given offset. Typically you will wish
to set the y scale to -1, mirroring about the x axis. This is
because Gerber assumes the origin to be bottom left, while xfig
selects top left.

-f .
This controls the number of digits of precision before and after
the implied decimal point. With -f 5.3 the following number
12345678 corresponds to 12345.678. Whereas with -f 3.5 it cor‐
responds to 123.45678. The default is for 3 places before the
decimal point and 5 after. This corresponds, to a range of 0 to
1m in 10 micron increments.

-i [on|off] Controls the output of comments describing the type of objects
being output. The text appears as comments starting with ## on
each line in the output file. By default this is on.

POSTSCRIPT, ENCAPSULATED POSTSCRIPT (EPS), and PDF

OPTIONS

With PostScript, xfig can be used to create multiple page figures Spec‐
ify the -M option to produce a multi-page output. For posters, add -O
to overlap the pages slightly to get around the problem of the unprint‐
able area in most printers, then cut and paste the pages together. Due
to memory limitations of most laser printers, the figure should not
have large imported images (bitmaps). Great for text with very big let‐
ters.

The EPS driver has the following differences from PostScript:
o No showpage is generated because the output is meant to be
imported into another program or document and not printed
o The landscape/portrait options are ignored
o The centering option is ignored
o The multiple-page option is ignored
o The paper size option is ignored
o The x/y offset options are ignored

The EPS driver has the following two special options:

-B ‘Wx [Wy X0 Y0]’
This specifies that the bounding box of the EPS file should have
the width Wx and the height Wy. Note that it doesn’t scale the
figure to this size, it merely sets the bounding box. If a
value less than or equal to 0 is specified for Wx or Wy, these
are set to the width/height respectively of the figure. Origin
is relative to screen (0,0) (upper-left). Wx, Wy, X0 and Y0 are
interpreted in centimeters or inches depending on the measure
given in the fig-file. Remember to put either quotes (“) or
apostrophes (‘) to group the arguments to -B.

-R ‘Wx [Wy X0 Y0]’
Same as the -B option except that X0 and Y0 is relative to the
lower left corner of the figure. Remember to put either quotes
(“) or apostrophes (‘) to group the arguments to -R.

The PDF driver uses all the PostScript options.

Text can now include various ISO-character codes above 0x7f, which is
useful for language specific characters to be printed directly. Not
all ISO-characters are implemented.

Color support: Colored objects created by Fig can be printed on a color
postscript printer. There are 32 standard colors: black, yellow, white,
gold, five shades of blue, four shades of green, four shades of cyan,
four shades of red, five shades of magenta, four shades of brown, and
four shades of pink. In addition there may be user-defined colors in
the file. See the xfig FORMAT3.2 file for the definition of these col‐
ors. On a monochrome printer, colored objects will be mapped into dif‐
ferent grayscales by the printer. Filled objects are printed using the
given area fill and color. There are 21 “shades” going from black to
full saturation of the fill color, and 21 more “tints” from full satu‐
ration + 1 to white. In addition, there are 16 patterns such as
bricks, diagonal lines, crosshatch, etc.

-A Add an ASCII (EPSI) preview.

-b borderwidth
Make blank border around figure of width borderwidth.
Not available in EPS.

-C dummy_arg
Add a color *binary* TIFF preview for Microsoft products that
need a binary preview. See also -T (monochrome preview). A
dummy argument must be supplied for historical reasons.

-c option centers the figure on the page. The centering may not be
accurate if there are texts in the fig_file that extends too far
to the right of other objects.

-e option puts the figure against the edge (not centered) of the
page. Not available in EPS.

-F Use correct font sizes (points) instead of the traditional size
that xfig/fig2dev uses, which is 1/80 inch. The corresponding
xfig command-line option is -correct_font_size.

-g color
Use color for the background.

-l dummy_arg
Generate figure in landscape mode. The dummy argument is
ignored, but must appear on the command line for reasons of com‐
patibility. This option will override the orientation specifi‐
cation in the file (for file versions 3.0 and higher).
Not available in EPS.

-M Generate multiple pages if figure exceeds paper size.
Not available in EPS.

-N Convert all colors to grayscale.

-n name
Set the Title part of the PostScript output to name. This is
useful when the input to fig2dev comes from standard input.

-O When used with -M, overlaps the pages slightly to get around the
problem of the unprintable area in most printers.
Not available in EPS.

-p dummy_arg
Generate figure in portrait mode. The dummy argument is
ignored, but must appear on the command line for reasons of com‐
patibility. This option will override the orientation specifi‐
cation in the file (for file versions 3.0 and higher). This is
the default for Fig files of version 2.1 or lower.
Not available in EPS.

-T Add a monochrome *binary* TIFF preview for Microsoft products
that need a binary preview. See also -C (color preview).

-x offset
shift the figure in the X direction by offset units (1/72 inch).
A negative value shifts the figure to the left and a positive
value to the right.
Not available in EPS.

-y offset
shift the figure in the Y direction by offset units (1/72 inch).
A negative value shifts the figure up and a positive value down.
Not available in EPS.

-z papersize
Sets the papersize. Not available in EPS.
Available paper sizes are:
“Letter” (8.5″ x 11″ also “A”),
“Legal” (11″ x 14″)
“Ledger” (11″ x 17″),
“Tabloid” (17″ x 11″, really Ledger in Landscape mode),
“A” (8.5″ x 11″ also “Letter”),
“B” (11″ x 17″ also “Ledger”),
“C” (17″ x 22″),
“D” (22″ x 34″),
“E” (34″ x 44″),
“A4” (21 cm x 29.7cm),
“A3” (29.7cm x 42 cm),
“A2” (42 cm x 59.4cm),
“A1” (59.4cm x 84.1cm),
“A0” (84.1cm x 118.9cm),
and “B5” (18.2cm x 25.7cm).

PSTEX

OPTIONS

The pstex language is a variant of ps which suppresses formatted (spe‐
cial) text. The pstex_t language has the complementary behavior: it
generates only the LaTeX special text and the commands necessary to
position special text, and to overlay the PostScript file generated
using pstex. These two drivers can be used to generate a figure which
combines the flexibility of PostScript graphics with LaTeX text format‐
ting of special text.

-F Use correct font sizes (points) instead of the traditional size
that xfig/fig2dev uses, which is 1/80 inch. The corresponding
xfig command-line option is -correct_font_size.

-g color
Use color for the background.

-n name
sets the Title part of the PostScript output to name. This is
useful when the input to fig2dev comes from standard input.

PSTEX_T

OPTIONS

The pstex_t language produces only the LaTeX special text and the com‐
mands necessary to position special text, and to overlay the PostScript
file generated using pstex. (see above)

-E num Set encoding for latex text translation (0 no translation, 1
ISO-8859-1, 2 ISO-8859-2)

-F Don’t set the font face, series, and style; only set it’s size
and the baselineskip. By default, fig2dev sets all 5 font param‐
eters when it puts some text. The disadvantage is that you can’t
set the font from your LaTeX document. With this option on, you
can set the font from your LaTeX document (like “\sfshape \input
picture.eepic”).

-p file
specifies the name of the PostScript file to be overlaid. If
not set or its value is null then no PS file will be inserted.

PSTricks

OPTIONS

The PSTricks driver provides full LaTeX text and math formatting for
XFig drawings without overlaying separate outputs as in the PSTEX meth‐
ods. The output matches the quality of output of the PostScript driver
except for text, where the Latex font selection mechanism is used as
for other fig2dev LaTeX drivers. In addition, text is rendered black,
although font color-changing LaTex code can be embedded in the drawing.
The generated PSTricks code is meant to be readable. Each command
stands alone, not relying on global option state variables. Thus the
user can easily use XFig to rough out a PSTricks drawing, then finish
by hand editing.

To use the driver’s output, give the command “\usepackage{pstricks}” in
your document preamble. The graphicx and pstricks-add packages may
also be required. The former is used for bitmap graphics and the sec‐
ond for complex line styles and/or hollow PSTricks arrows (with the -R
1 option). The driver will tell you which packages are needed. In the
document body, include the figure with “\input{pstfile}” where pst‐
file.tex is the output file. Use the XFig special flag to have text
passed as-is to LaTeX. For non-special text, the same mechanism as the
LaTeX and epic driver mechanism is used to match font specs, but this
is imprecise.

Known bugs and limitations.
PSTricks support for join styles is version dependent. Raw post‐
script is inserted with “\pstVerb” for old versions when other
than angle joins are needed. The -t option controls this behav‐
ior. PSTricks does not support rotated ellipses directly, so a
rput command is emitted that rotates and locates a horizontal
ellipse. This makes a problem with hatch patterns, which are
moved and rotated along with the ellipse. Hatch rotation is
fixed by a counter-rotation, but the origin is not adjusted, so
registration with adjacent hatch patterns will be incorrect.
Flipped bitmap graphics use an undocumented feature of the
graphicx package: a negative height flips the image vertically.
This appears to work reliably. However, you may want to flip
graphics with another program before including them in Xfig
drawings just to be sure. With the -p option, the driver
attempts to convert non-EPS pictures to EPS with the TeX distri‐
bution’s bmeps program, but bmeps does not know about very many
file formats including gif.

-G dummy_arg
Draws a standard PSTricks grid in light gray, ignoring the size
parameters, numbered in PSTricks units.

-l weight
Sets a line weight factor that is multiplied by the actual Fig
line width. The default value 0.5 roughly matches the output of
the PS driver.

-n 0|1|2|3
Sets environment type. Default 0 creates a \picture environment
with bounding box exactly enclosing the picture (but see -x and
-y ). A 1 emits bare PSTricks commands with no environment at
all, which can be used with \input{commands} inside an existing
\pspicture. A 2 emits a complete LaTeX document. A 3 also
emits a complete LaTeX document but attempts to set the PSTricks
unit to fit a 7.5 by 10 inch (portrait aspect) box.

-P Shorthand for -n 3
.

-p dir Attempts to run the bmeps program to translate picture files to
EPS, which is required by PSTricks. The translated files go in
dir , which must already exist (the driver will not create it).
Moreover, (BIG CAVEAT HERE) the driver overwrites files with
impunity in this directory! Don’t put your stuff here. The
includegraphics commands in the output file refer to this direc‐
tory. Even if the -p option is not used, includegrpahics com‐
mands follow this convention with the default directory ./eps .
In this case, the user must do the conversions independently.
The bmeps program is part of the standard TeX distribution. It
converts the following formats to EPS: png jpg pnm tif. You can
see the bmeps command with the -v option.

-R 0|1|2
Sets arrow style. With the default style 0, Fig arrows are con‐
verted to lines and polygons. With style 1, the Fig arrowhead
dimensions are converted to PSTricks arrowhead dimensions and
PSTricks arrowhead options are emitted. Hollow arrows will
require the additional package pstricks-add
. With style 2, PSTricks arrowhead options are emitted with no
dimensions at all, and arrowhead size may be controlled globally
with psset
.

-S scale
Scales the image according to the same convention as the EPIC
driver, i.e., to size scale
/12.

-t version
Provides the driver with PSTricks version number so output can
match expected LaTeX input.

-v Print verbose warnings and extra comments in the output file.
Information provided includes font substitution details, the
bmeps commands used for picture conversion, if any, and one com‐
ment per Fig object in the output.

-x marginsize
Adds marginsize on the left and right of the PStricks bounding
box. By default, the box exactly encloses the image.

-y marginsize
Adds marginsize on the top and bottom of the PStricks bounding
box. By default, the box exactly encloses the image.

-z 0|1|2
Sets font handling option. Default option 0 attempts to honor
Fig font names and sizes, finding the best match with a standard
LaTeX font. Option 1 sets LaTeX font size only. Option 2
issues no font commands at all.

PSTEX_P and PDFTEX_P

OPTIONS

The pstex_p language has the same intention as the combination of pstex
and pstex_t. The only reason to use pstex_p is that you have partially
overlayed texts. pstex_p splits the Fig file concerning the depths of
existing texts. Because of it’s necessary to get the resulting size of
the figure for the pdf document you have to specify the target document
format (i.e. using pstex_p rsp. pdftex_p).
Two files results by using this language:

1) A bash script for creating and removing the necessary graphics
files. Extension: .create

2) The latex code which includes all graphics files and special texts.
Content is put to stdout.

The pstex_p driver has the following special options:

-p basename
specifies the basename of the files to be created (see (1) above).
This option is mandatory.

-d dmag
Set a separate magnification for the length of line dashes to dmag.

-E num
Set encoding for latex text translation (0 no translation, 1
ISO-8859-1, 2 ISO-8859-2)

-l lwidth
Sets the threshold between LaTeX thin and thick lines to lwidth pix‐
els. LaTeX supports only two different line width: \thinlines and
\thicklines. Lines of width greater than lwidth pixels are drawn as
\thicklines. Also affects the size of dots in dotted line style.
The default is 1.

-v Verbose mode.

-F Don’t set the font face, series, and style; only set it’s size and
the baselineskip. By default, fig2dev sets all 5 font parameters
when it puts some text. The disadvantage is that you can’t set the
font from your LaTeX document. With this option on, you can set the
font from your LaTeX document (like “\sfshape \input pic‐
ture.eepic”).

TK and PTK OPTIONS (tcl/tk and Perl/tk)
-l dummy_arg
Generate figure in landscape mode. The dummy argument is
ignored, but must appear on the command line for reasons of com‐
patibility. This option will override the orientation specifi‐
cation in the file (for file versions 3.0 and higher).

-p dummy_arg
Generate figure in portrait mode. The dummy argument is
ignored, but must appear on the command line for reasons of com‐
patibility. This option will override the orientation specifi‐
cation in the file (for file versions 3.0 and higher). This is
the default for Fig files of version 2.1 or lower.

-P Generate canvas of full page size instead of using the bounding
box of the figure’s objects. The default is to use only the
bounding box.

-z papersize
Sets the papersize. See the POSTSCRIPT OPTIONS for available
paper sizes. This is only used when the -P option (use full
page) is used.

SEE ALSO

[x]fig(1), pic pic2fig(1), transfig

BUGS and RESTRICTIONS
Please send bug reports, fixes, new features etc. to:
xfig-bugs@epb1.lbl.gov (Brian V. Smith)

Arc-boxes are not supported for the tk output language, and only X bit‐
map pictures are supported because of the canvas limitation in tk.

Picture objects are not scaled with the magnification factor for tk
output.

Because tk scales canvas items according to the X display resolution,
polygons, lines, etc. may be scaled differently than imported pictures
(bitmaps) which aren’t scaled at all.

Rotated text is only supported in the IBM-GL (HP/GL) and PostScript
(including eps) languages.

In pdftex_p language fig2dev can not determine the exact sizes of the
special texts set by pdflatex afterwards. If these texts are bigger
than expected the calculated bounding box might be too small so that
some texts passes over the figure boundaries. If this happen you have
to put an invisible rectangle (line width 0) around the text or the
entire figure.

COPRYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 1991 Micah Beck
Parts Copyright (c) 1985 Supoj Sutantavibul
Parts Copyright (c) 1989-1999 Brian V. Smith

Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and
its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, pro‐
vided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in sup‐
porting documentation. The authors make no representations about the
suitability of this software for any purpose. It is provided “as is”
without express or implied warranty.

THE AUTHORS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE,
INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN NO
EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSE‐
QUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE,
DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER
TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PER‐
FORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

AUTHORS
Micah Beck
Cornell University
Sept 28 1990

and Frank Schmuck (then of Cornell University)
and Conrad Kwok (then of U.C. Davis).

drivers contributed by
Jose Alberto Fernandez R. (U. of Maryland)
and Gary Beihl (MCC)

Color support, ISO-character encoding and poster support by
Herbert Bauer (heb@regent.e-technik.tu-muenchen.de)

Modified from f2p (fig to PIC), by the author of Fig
Supoj Sutanthavibul (supoj@sally.utexas.edu)
University of Texas at Austin.

MetaFont driver by
Anthony Starks (ajs@merck.com)

X-splines code by
Carole Blanc (blanc@labri.u-bordeaux.fr)
Christophe Schlick (schlick@labri.u-bordeaux.fr)
The initial implementation was done by C. Feuille, S. Grobois, L.
Maziere and L. Minihot as a student practice (Universite Bordeaux,
France).

Japanese text support for LaTeX output written by T. Sato
(VEF00200@niftyserve.or.jp)

The tk driver was written by
Mike Markowski (mm@udel.edu) with a little touch-up by Brian Smith

The CGM driver (Computer Graphics Metafile) was written by
Philippe Bekaert (Philippe.Bekaert@cs.kuleuven.ac.be)

The EMF driver (Enhanced Metafile) was written by
Michael Schrick (m_schrick@hotmail.com)

The GBX (Gerber) driver was written by
Edward Grace (ej.grace@imperial.ac.uk).

The PSTEX_P and PDFTEX_P drivers (overlayed LaTeX texts) was written by
Michael Pfeiffer (p3f@gmx.de)

Version 3.2.5e August 2013 FIG2DEV(1)