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fig2mpdf Including xfig figures into LaTeX documents fig2mpdf


fig2mpdf – creation of multilayer pdf or eps figures from fig files
using latex for typesetting


fig2mpdf [OPTION]… FILE


This tool can create pdf or eps figures using fig files as source. For
beamer presentations, for example, you can use the multilayer mode to
create multiple figures that can be overlayed to get a dynamic figure.
For proper appearance you can use latex to typeset some or all texts,
possibly containing formulas.

The default interpretation of the given fig FILE depends on its suffix.

fig Normal conversion of a fig file. All texts are interpreted as
postscript texts and all elements of the figure are included in
the resulting figure.

lfig LaTeX interpretation of the file. All texts of the input file
that have the special bit set are typeset by pdflatex resp.
latex (see: Option -|+l).

mfig Multilayer file interpretation. Depending on the used depths of
the figure it is split into multiple parts. For each part an
output file is created (see: section MultiLayerOutput).

mlfig or lmfig
Combination of multilayer and LaTeX interpretation of the input
(see: Suffix lfig and mfig).

The default interpretation of the input can be changed by using the
options below.


-e produce an eps output file. Instead of creating a pdf file (the
default) an eps figure is produced.

-|+l force calling (pdf)latex (-) or do not use (pdf)latex (+) for
typesetting the text marked with the special flag. With this
option you can change the default behavior given by the input
file suffix.

-|+m force set (-) or unset (+) the multilayer interpretation (see:
MultiLayerOutput below) which was previously set by the input
file suffix.

-p ranges
explicitly set the ranges of depths for splitting the input fig‐
ure in multilayer mode. ranges is a colon separated list of
ranges of the form upper-lower or depth where upper is the top
and lower the bottom depth in the range. If you use the depth
form the range consist of just that depth.

-i include the the bottommost range (that is, the one with the
highest depth) into all output figures. This is for compatibil‐
ity to older versions of this tool.

-I turn on pyramid mode. The figure of a corresponding range in
multilayer mode includes all lower ranges too.

-g gapwidth
set the allowed gapwidth between two used depths to decide if
these depths should be grouped together in one range. With this
option you get more flexibility to insert objects with new
depths. The default width is zero (no gap = consecutively num‐
bered depths are grouped together).

-s style
replace the default style for selecting a font family in LaTeX
mode. If this option is omitted the style `times’ is set by

-H header
replace the default header sequence for creating temporary LaTeX
documents in LaTeX mode. To get maximum flexibility you can set
the entire document header in the file header (see: Customized
Headers below).

-G in multilayer mode change the default output file pattern to the
PDF format which is .page.

-v be verbose and print out all executed commands

-V print out the version of fig2mpdf

In xfig you can assign an individual depth to all objects of the fig‐
ure. These depths are normally used to determine the order of printing
the objects. fig2mpdf uses these depths to group the objects into
ranges in automatic mode (if the ranges option is omitted). In the list
of used depths, consecutively numbered depths are grouped into one
range. That is, all gaps between used depths are used to logically
split the figure. With -g you can set the gapwidth which doesn’t split
the figure (default: zero).

The resulting list of ranges determines the number of output files. In
default mode all objects with depths assigned to one range are col‐
lected and put into the corresponding output file. The contents of the
output files can be changed with the two Options -i and -I.

The -i option reduces the number of output files by one. The bottommost
range, that is the range which consist of the highest depths of the
figure, is included into all output files.

In pyramid mode, activated by the option -I, the output files contain
additionally all lower ranges. With this mode you can get stand alone
figures that don’t have to be overlayed to have meaningful content.

Example 1
Assume that you have a fig file foo.fig which contains the three ranges
230-233, 455-460 and 499-500.

With no options set you get three output files, one per range. But if
you set the -i option you get the following two files where the bottom‐
most range is included in both of the files:
foo-0.pdf with ranges 455-460 and 499-500
foo-1.pdf with ranges 230-233 and 499-500.

Example 2
The pyramid mode, activated by the option -I, will produce the follow‐
ing files from the source file of Example 1:
foo-0.pdf with ranges 499-500
foo-1.pdf with ranges 455-460 and 499-500
foo-2.pdf with ranges 230-233, 455-460 and 499-500.

Example 3
If both options are set you will get just two files with the following
foo-0.pdf with ranges 455-460 and 499-500
foo-1.pdf with ranges 230-233, 455-460 and 499-500.

Customized Headers
For various reasons you might want to change the standard latex genera‐
tion, e.g., if you want to change the default font family. The follow‐
ing example represents a valid header file.

The usage of this example file changes the font family to sans serif
and adds an additional search path for includegraphics to the `figures’


The following packages are generally used: color, graphicx and epsfig.

Tex errors
Sometimes it might happen that latex generates an error while process‐
ing your special texts. To keep you informed about the occurrence of
that error and about what has happened, in this case the log file is
shown by invoking a less command.

In single layer mode for the resulting files the suffix fig is replaced
by pdf (resp. eps) (i.e. foo.fig -> foo.pdf).

In multilayer mode the base name of the source fig files is extended by
‘-‘ and the suffix is set to pdf (resp. eps).
(i.e., foo.fig -> foo-0.pdf, foo-1.pdf, foo-2.pdf, …
or foo.fig -> foo.page0.pdf, foo.page1.pdf, foo.page2.pdf, …
if the option -G is set).


xfig(1) fig2dev gawk pdflatex latex dvips

Jun 2006 fig2mpdf

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