more Man page

MORE(1) User Commands MORE(1)


more – file perusal filter for crt viewing


more [options] file…


more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This
version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less
provides more emulation plus extensive enhancements.


Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make sure to
precede them with a dash (-)) but command-line options will override

-d Prompt with “[Press space to continue, ‘q’ to quit.]”, and dis‐
play “[Press ‘h’ for instructions.]” instead of ringing the bell
when an illegal key is pressed.

-l Do not pause after any line containing a ^L (form feed).

-f Count logical lines, rather than screen lines (i.e., long lines
are not folded).

-p Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display
the text. Notice that this option is switched on automatically
if the executable is named page.

-c Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clear‐
ing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.

-s Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.

-u Suppress underlining.

The screen size to use, in number of lines.

Start displaying each file at line number.

The string to be searched in each file before starting to dis‐
play it.

Interactive commands for more are based on vi. Some commands may be
preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions below. In
the following descriptions, ^X means control-X.

h or ? Help; display a summary of these commands. If you
forget all other commands, remember this one.

SPACE Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current
screen size.

z Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current
screen size. Argument becomes new default.

RETURN Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argu‐
ment becomes new default.

d or ^D Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, ini‐
tially 11. Argument becomes new default.


s Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.

f Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.

b or ^B Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.
Only works with files, not pipes.

‘ Go to the place where the last search started.

= Display current line number.

/pattern Search for kth occurrence of regular expression.
Defaults to 1.

n Search for kth occurrence of last regular expression.
Defaults to 1.

!command or :!command
Execute command in a subshell.

v Start up an editor at current line. The editor is
taken from the environment variable VISUAL if defined,
or EDITOR if VISUAL is not defined, or defaults to vi
if neither VISUAL nor EDITOR is defined.

^L Redraw screen.

:n Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.

:p Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.

:f Display current file name and line number.

. Repeat previous command.

The more command respects the following environment variables, if they

MORE This variable may be set with favored options to more.

SHELL Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time).

TERM The terminal type used by more to get the terminal characteris‐
tics necessary to manipulate the screen.

VISUAL The editor the user prefers. Invoked when command key v is

EDITOR The editor of choice when VISUAL is not specified.


vi, less

Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable

The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more ver‐
sion 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux
community. Documentation was produced using several other versions of
the man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.

The more command is part of the util-linux package and is available
from Linux Kernel Archive ⟨

util-linux February 2014 MORE(1)