pbmreduce Man page

pbmreduce General Commands Manual pbmreduce


pbmreduce – read a portable bitmap and reduce it N times


pbmreduce [-floyd|-fs|-threshold ] [-value val] N [pbmfile]


Reads a portable bitmap as input. Reduces it by a factor of N, and
produces a portable bitmap as output.

pbmreduce duplicates a lot of the functionality of pgmtopbm; you could
do something like pnmscale | pgmtopbm, but pbmreduce is a lot faster.

pbmreduce can be used to “re-halftone” an image. Let’s say you have a
scanner that only produces black&white, not grayscale, and it does a
terrible job of halftoning (most b&w scanners fit this description).
One way to fix the halftoning is to scan at the highest possible reso‐
lution, say 300 dpi, and then reduce by a factor of three or so using
pbmreduce. You can even correct the brightness of an image, by using
the -value flag.


By default, the halftoning after the reduction is done via boustrophe‐
donic Floyd-Steinberg error diffusion; however, the -threshold flag can
be used to specify simple thresholding. This gives better results when
reducing line drawings.

The -value flag alters the thresholding value for all quantizations.
It should be a real number between 0 and 1. Above 0.5 means darker
images; below 0.5 means lighter.

All flags can be abbreviated to their shortest unique prefix.


pnmenlarge, pnmscale, pgmtopbm, pbm(5)


Copyright (C) 1988 by Jef Poskanzer.

02 August 1989 pbmreduce

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