pnmcomp Man page

pnmcomp General Commands Manual pnmcomp

NAME

pnmcomp – composite (overlay) two portable anymap files together

SYNOPSIS

pnmcomp [-xoff=X | -align={left,center,right}] [-yoff=Y | -valign={top,middle,bottom}] [-alpha=alpha-pgmfile] [-invert] overlay [pnm-input] [pnm-output]

Minimum unique abbreviations are acceptable.

DESCRIPTION

pnmcomp reads two images and produces a composite image with one of the
images overlayed on top of the other. The images need not be the same
size. The input and outputs are PNM format image files.

In its simplest use, pnmcomp simply places the overlay file on top of
the pnm-input file, blocking out the part of the pnm-input file beneath
it. If you specify the alpha-pgmfile, pnmcomp uses it as an alpha
mask, which means it determines the level of transparency of each point
in the overlay image. The alpha mask must have the same dimensions as
the overlay image. In places where the alpha mask defines the overlay
image to be opaque, the composite output contains only the contents of
the overlay image; the underlying image is totally blocked out. In
places where the alpha mask defines the overlay image to be transpar‐
ent, the composite output contains none of the overlay image; the
underlying image shows through completely. In places where the alpha
mask shows a value in between opaque and transparent (translucence),
the composite image contains a mixture of the overlay image and the
underlying image and the level of translucence determines how much of
each.

The alpha mask is a PGM file in which a white pixel represents opaque‐
ness and a black pixel transparency. Anything in between is translu‐
cent.

In some image file formats (PNG, for example), transparency information
(the alpha mask) is part of the definition of the image. In the PNM
formats, transparency is always embodied in a separate companion file.
The PNM converter programs that convert from an image format such as
PNG have options that allow you to extract the transparency information
to a separate file, which you can then use as input to pnmcomp.

The output image is always of the same dimensions as the underlying
image. pnmcomp only uses parts of the overlay image that fit within
the underlying image.

To specify where on the underlying image to place the overlay image,
use the -xoff, -yoff, -align, and -valign options. Without these
options, the default horizontal position is flush left and the default
vertical position is flush top.

The overlay and underlying images may be of different formats (e.g.
overlaying a PBM text image over a full color PPM image) and have dif‐
ferent maxvals. The output image has the more general of the two input
formats and a maxval that is the least common multiple the two maxvals
(or the maximum maxval allowable by the format, if the LCM is more than
that).

OPTIONS

-invert
This option inverts the sense of the values in the alpha mask,
which effectively switches the roles of the overlay image and
the underlying image in places where the two intersect.

-xoff X

-yoff Y
These options position the overlay image with respect to the
underlying image. X and Y are the horizontal and vertical dis‐
placements of the top left corner of the overlay image from the
top left corner of the underlying image, in pixels. A positive
value means right or down; a negative value means left or up.
The overlay need not fit entirely (or at all) on the underlying
image. pnmcomp uses only the parts that lie over the underlying
image.

-align=[left,center,right] This option is an alternative to -xoff, in the style of HTML.
It selects the horizontal position of the overlay image so that
it is flush left, centered, or flush right on the underlying
image.

-valign=[top,middle,bottom] This option is an alternative to -yoff, in the style of HTML.
It selects the vertical position of the overlay image so that it
is flush top, centered, or flush bottom on the underlying image.

SEE ALSO

ppmmix and pnmpaste are simpler, less general versions of the
same tool.

pnm(5), pbmmask

AUTHOR

Copyright (C) 1992 by David Koblas (koblas@mips.com).

12 April 2000 pnmcomp

Ils en parlent aussi

Build #8255 – arangodb/arangodb – Travis CI