pnmcut – cut a rectangle out of a portable anymap
pnmcut [-left leftcol] [-right rightcol] [-top toprow] [-bottom bottom‐
row] [-width width] [-height height] [-pad] [-verbose] [ left top width
height ] [pnmfile]
All options may be abbreviated to the shortest unique prefix.
Reads a PBM, PGM, or PPM image as input. Extracts the specified rec‐
tangle, and produces the same kind of image as output.
There are two ways to specify the rectangle to cut: arguments and
options. Options are easier to remember and read, more expressive, and
allow you to use defaults. Arguments were the only way available
before July 2000.
If you use both options and arguments, the two specifications get mixed
in an unspecified way.
To use options, just code any mixture of the -left, -right, -top, -bot‐
tom, -width, and -height options. What you don’t specify defaults. It
is an error to overspecify, i.e. to specify all three of -left, -right,
and -width or -top, -bottom, and -height.
To use arguments, specify all four of the left, top, width, and height
arguments. left and top have the same effect as specifying them as the
argument of a -left or -top option, respectively. width and height
have the same effect as specifying them as the argument of a -width or
-height option, respectively, where they are positive. Where they are
not positive, they have the same effect as specifying one less than the
value as the argument to a -right or -bottom option, respectively.
(E.g. width = 0 makes the cut go all the way to the right edge).
Before July 2000, negative numbers were not allowed for width and
Input is from Standard Input if you don’t specify the input file pnm‐
Output is to Standard Output.
-left The column number of the leftmost column to be in the output.
If a nonnegative number, it refers to columns numbered from 0 at
the left, increasing to the right. If negative, it refers to
columns numbered -1 at the right, decreasing to the left.
-right The column number of the rightmost column to be in the output,
numbered the same as for -left.
-top The row number of the topmost row to be in the output. If a
nonnegative number it refers to rows numbered from 0 at the top,
increasing downward. If negative, it refers to columns numbered
-1 at the bottom, decreasing upward.
The row number of the bottom-most row to be in the output, num‐
bered the same as for -top.
-width The number of columns to be in the output. Must be positive.
The number of rows to be in the output. Must be positive.
-pad If the rectangle you specify is not entirely within the input
image, pnmcut fails unless you also specify -pad. In that case,
it pads the output with black up to the edges you specify. You
can use this option if you need to have an image of certain
dimensions and have an image of arbitrary dimensions.
pnmpad can also fill an image out to a specified dimension, and
gives you more explicit control over the padding.
Print information about the processing to Standard Error.
Copyright (C) 1989 by Jef Poskanzer.
29 June 2000 pnmcut