pnmtopalm – convert a portable anymap into a Palm pixmap
pnmtopalm [-verbose] [-depth N] [-maxdepth N] [-colormap] [-transparent
color] [-offset] [-rle-compression|-scanline-compression] [pnmfile]
Reads a PNM image as input, from stdin or pnmfile. Produces a Palm
pixmap as output.
Palm pixmap files are either greyscale files 1, 2, or 4 bits wide, or
color files 8 bits wide, so pnmtopalm automatically scales colors to
have an appropriate maxval, unless you specify a depth or max depth.
Input files must have an appropriate number and set of colors for the
selected output constraints. This often means that you should run the
PNM image through ppmquant before you pass it to pnmtopalm. Netpbm
comes with several colormap files you can use with ppmquant for this
purpose. They are palmgray2.map (4 shades of gray for a depth of 2),
palmgray4.map (16 shades of gray for a depth of 4), and palmcolor8.map
(232 colors in default Palm colormap).
Display the format of the output file.
Produce a file of depth N, where N must be either 1, 2, 4, 8, or
16. Any depth greater than 1 will produce a version 1 or 2 bit‐
map. Because the default Palm 8-bit colormap is not grayscale,
if the input is a grayscale or monochrome pixmap, the output
will never be more than 4 bits deep, regardless of the specified
depth. Note that 8-bit color works only in PalmOS 3.5 (and
higher), and 16-bit direct color works only in PalmOS 4.0 (and
higher). However, the 16-bit direct color format is also com‐
patible with the various PalmOS 3.x versions used in the Hand‐
spring Visor, so these images may also work in that device.
Produce a file of minimal depth, but in any case less than N
bits wide. If you specify 16-bit, the output will always be
16-bit direct color.
Fill in the nextDepthOffset field in the file header, to provide
for multiple renditions of the pixmap in the same file.
Build a custom colormap and include it in the output file. This
is not recommended by Palm, for efficiency reasons. Otherwise,
pnmtopalm uses the default Palm colormap for color output.
Marks one particular color as fully transparent. The format to
specify the color is either (when for example orange)
“1.0,0.5,0.0”, where the values are floats between zero and one,
or with the syntax “#RGB”, “#RRGGBB” or “#RRRRGGGGBBBB” where R,
G and B are hexadecimal numbers. This also makes the output
bitmap a version 2 bitmap. Transparency works only on Palm OS
3.5 and higher.
Specifies that the output Palm bitmap will use the Palm RLE com‐
pression scheme, and will be a version 2 bitmap. RLE compres‐
sion works only with Palm OS 3.5 and higher.
Specifies that the output Palm bitmap will use the Palm scanline
compression scheme, and will be a version 2 bitmap. Scanline
compression works only in Palm OS 2.0 and higher.
An additional compression format, packbits, was added with PalmOS 4.0.
This package should be updated to be able to generate that.
Palm pixmaps may contains multiple renditions of the same pixmap, in
different depths. To construct an N-multiple-rendition Palm pixmap
with pnmtopalm, first construct renditions 1 through N-1 using the
-offset option, then construct the Nth pixmap without the -offset
option. Then concatenate the individual renditions together in a sin‐
gle file using cat.
This program was originally written as ppmtoTbmp.c, by Ian Goldberg and
George Caswell. It was completely re-written by Bill Janssen to add
color, compression, and transparency function.
Copyright 1995-2001 by Ian Goldberg, George Caswell, and Bill Janssen.
7 December 2000 pnmtopalm