pr Man page

PR(1) User Commands PR(1)


pr – convert text files for printing


pr [OPTION]… [FILE]…


Paginate or columnate FILE(s) for printing.

With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options

+FIRST_PAGE[:LAST_PAGE], –pages=FIRST_PAGE[:LAST_PAGE] begin [stop] printing with page FIRST_[LAST_]PAGE

-COLUMN, –columns=COLUMN
output COLUMN columns and print columns down, unless -a is used.
Balance number of lines in the columns on each page

-a, –across
print columns across rather than down, used together with -COL‐

-c, –show-control-chars
use hat notation (^G) and octal backslash notation

-d, –double-space
double space the output

-D, –date-format=FORMAT
use FORMAT for the header date

-e[CHAR[WIDTH]], –expand-tabs[=CHAR[WIDTH]] expand input CHARs (TABs) to tab WIDTH (8)

-F, -f, –form-feed
use form feeds instead of newlines to separate pages (by a
3-line page header with -F or a 5-line header and trailer with‐
out -F)

-h, –header=HEADER
use a centered HEADER instead of filename in page header, -h “”
prints a blank line, don’t use -h””

-i[CHAR[WIDTH]], –output-tabs[=CHAR[WIDTH]] replace spaces with CHARs (TABs) to tab WIDTH (8)

-J, –join-lines
merge full lines, turns off -W line truncation, no column align‐
ment, –sep-string[=STRING] sets separators

-l, –length=PAGE_LENGTH
set the page length to PAGE_LENGTH (66) lines (default number of
lines of text 56, and with -F 63). implies -t if PAGE_LENGTH <= 10 -m, --merge print all files in parallel, one in each column, truncate lines, but join lines of full length with -J -n[SEP[DIGITS]], --number-lines[=SEP[DIGITS]] number lines, use DIGITS (5) digits, then SEP (TAB), default counting starts with 1st line of input file -N, --first-line-number=NUMBER start counting with NUMBER at 1st line of first page printed (see +FIRST_PAGE) -o, --indent=MARGIN offset each line with MARGIN (zero) spaces, do not affect -w or -W, MARGIN will be added to PAGE_WIDTH -r, --no-file-warnings omit warning when a file cannot be opened -s[CHAR], --separator[=CHAR] separate columns by a single character, default for CHAR is the character without -w and ‘no char’ with -w. -s[CHAR] turns off line truncation of all 3 column options (-COLUMN|-a
-COLUMN|-m) except -w is set

-S[STRING], –sep-string[=STRING] separate columns by STRING, without -S: Default separator
with -J and otherwise (same as -S” “), no effect on col‐
umn options

-t, –omit-header
omit page headers and trailers; implied if PAGE_LENGTH <= 10 -T, --omit-pagination omit page headers and trailers, eliminate any pagination by form feeds set in input files -v, --show-nonprinting use octal backslash notation -w, --width=PAGE_WIDTH set page width to PAGE_WIDTH (72) characters for multiple text-column output only, -s[char] turns off (72) -W, --page-width=PAGE_WIDTH set page width to PAGE_WIDTH (72) characters always, truncate lines, except -J option is set, no interference with -S or -s --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit


Written by Pete TerMaat and Roland Huebner.


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Copyright © 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU
GPL version 3 or later .
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


Full documentation at:
or available locally via: info ‘(coreutils) pr invocation’

GNU coreutils 8.25 February 2016 PR(1)