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ED(1) User Commands ED(1)


Ed – line-oriented text editor


ed [options] [file]


GNU Ed – The GNU line editor.


-h, –help
display this help and exit

-V, –version
output version information and exit

-G, –traditional
run in compatibility mode

-l, –loose-exit-status
exit with 0 status even if a command fails

-p, –prompt=STRING
use STRING as an interactive prompt

-r, –restricted
run in restricted mode

-s, –quiet, –silent
suppress diagnostics

-v, –verbose
be verbose

Start edit by reading in ‘file’ if given. If ‘file’ begins with a ‘!’,
read output of shell command.

Exit status: 0 for a normal exit, 1 for environmental problems (file
not found, invalid flags, I/O errors, etc), 2 to indicate a corrupt or
invalid input file, 3 for an internal consistency error (eg, bug) which
caused ed to panic.


Report bugs to
Ed home page:
General help using GNU software:


Copyright © 1994 Andrew L. Moore.
Copyright © 2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU
GPL version 3 or later
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


The full documentation for Ed is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and Ed programs are properly installed at your site, the com‐

info Ed

should give you access to the complete manual.

Ed 1.10 January 2014 ED(1)