startx Man page

Resume Wikipedia de Xinit

xinit est un programme informatique visant au lancement manuel d’un serveur X11. Le script startx est un script intermédiaire qui permet de lancer xinit.
C’est un logiciel libre maintenu par le projet X.Org et distribué selon les termes de la licence X11. Sa dernière version a été réalisée en septembre 2013.

STARTX General Commands Manual STARTX

NAME

startx – initialize an X session

SYNOPSIS

startx [ [ client ] options … ] [ — [ server ] [ display ] options
… ]

DESCRIPTION

The startx script is a front end to xinit that provides a somewhat
nicer user interface for running a single session of the X Window Sys‐
tem. It is often run with no arguments.

Arguments immediately following the startx command are used to start a
client in the same manner as xinit. The special argument ‘–‘ marks
the end of client arguments and the beginning of server options. It
may be convenient to specify server options with startx to change on a
per-session basis the default color depth, the server’s notion of the
number of dots-per-inch the display device presents, or take advantage
of a different server layout, as permitted by the Xorg server and
specified in the xorg.conf(5) configuration. Some examples of specify‐
ing server arguments follow; consult the manual page for your X server
to determine which arguments are legal.

startx — -depth 16

startx — -dpi 100

startx — -layout Multihead

Note that in the Debian system, what many people traditionally put in
the .xinitrc file should go in .xsession instead; this permits the same
X environment to be presented whether startx, xdm, or xinit is used to
start the X session. All discussion of the .xinitrc file in the
xinit manual page applies equally well to .xsession. Keep in mind
that .xinitrc is used only by xinit and completely ignored by
xdm(1).

To determine the client to run, startx first looks for a file called
.xinitrc in the user’s home directory. If that is not found, it uses
the file xinitrc in the xinit library directory. If command line
client options are given, they override this behavior and revert to the
xinit behavior. To determine the server to run, startx first looks
for a file called .xserverrc in the user’s home directory. If that is
not found, it uses the file xserverrc in the xinit library directory.
If command line server options are given, they override this behavior
and revert to the xinit behavior. Users rarely need to provide a
.xserverrc file. See the xinit manual page for more details on the
arguments.

The system-wide xinitrc and xserverrc files are found in the
/etc/X11/xinit directory.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
DISPLAY This variable gets set to the name of the dis‐
play to which clients should connect. Note
that this gets set, not read.

XAUTHORITY This variable, if not already defined, gets
set to $(HOME)/.Xauthority. This is to pre‐
vent the X server, if not given the -auth
argument, from automatically setting up inse‐
cure host-based authentication for the local
host. See the Xserver(1) and Xsecurity(7)
manual pages for more information on X
client/server authentication.

FILES
$(HOME)/.xinitrc Client to run. Typically a shell script which
runs many programs in the background.

$(HOME)/.xserverrc Server to run. The default is X.

/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc Client to run if the user has no .xinitrc
file.

/etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc Server to run if the user has no .xserverrc
file.

SEE ALSO

xinit, X(7), Xserver(1), Xorg, xorg.conf(5)

X Version 11 xinit 1.3.4 STARTX

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