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UMOUNT(8) System Administration UMOUNT(8)

NAME

umount – unmount file systems

SYNOPSIS

umount -a [-dflnrv] [-t fstype] [-O option…]

umount [-dflnrv] {directory|device}…

umount -h|-V

DESCRIPTION

The umount command detaches the mentioned file system(s) from the file
hierarchy. A file system is specified by giving the directory where it
has been mounted. Giving the special device on which the file system
lives may also work, but is obsolete, mainly because it will fail in
case this device was mounted on more than one directory.

Note that a file system cannot be unmounted when it is ‘busy’ – for
example, when there are open files on it, or when some process has its
working directory there, or when a swap file on it is in use. The
offending process could even be umount itself – it opens libc, and libc
in its turn may open for example locale files. A lazy unmount avoids
this problem.

OPTIONS

-a, –all
All of the filesystems described in /etc/mtab are unmounted,
except the proc filesystem.

-A, –all-targets
Unmount all mountpoints in the current namespace for the speci‐
fied filesystem. The filesystem can be specified by one of the
mountpoints or the device name (or UUID, etc.). When this
option is used together with –recursive, then all nested mounts
within the filesystem are recursively unmounted. This option is
only supported on systems where /etc/mtab is a symlink to
/proc/mounts.

-c, –no-canonicalize
Do not canonicalize paths. For more details about this option
see the mount(8) man page. Note that umount does not pass this
option to the /sbin/umount.type helpers.

-d, –detach-loop
When the unmounted device was a loop device, also free this loop
device.

–fake Causes everything to be done except for the actual system call
or umount helper execution; this ‘fakes’ unmounting the filesys‐
tem. It can be used to remove entries from /etc/mtab that were
unmounted earlier with the -n option.

-f, –force
Force an unmount (in case of an unreachable NFS system).
(Requires kernel 2.1.116 or later.)

-i, –internal-only
Do not call the /sbin/umount.filesystem helper even if it
exists. By default such a helper program is called if it
exists.

-l, –lazy
Lazy unmount. Detach the filesystem from the file hierarchy
now, and clean up all references to this filesystem as soon as
it is not busy anymore. (Requires kernel 2.4.11 or later.)

-n, –no-mtab
Unmount without writing in /etc/mtab.

-O, –test-opts option…
Unmount only the filesystems that have the specified option set
in /etc/fstab. More than one option may be specified in a
comma-separated list. Each option can be prefixed with no to
indicate that no action should be taken for this option.

-R, –recursive
Recursively unmount each specified directory. Recursion for
each directory will stop if any unmount operation in the chain
fails for any reason. The relationship between mountpoints is
determined by /proc/self/mountinfo entries. The filesystem must
be specified by mountpoint path; a recursive unmount by device
name (or UUID) is unsupported.

-r, –read-only
When an unmount fails, try to remount the filesystem read-only.

-t, –types type…
Indicate that the actions should only be taken on filesystems of
the specified type. More than one type may be specified in a
comma-separated list. The list of filesystem types can be pre‐
fixed with no to indicate that no action should be taken for all
of the mentioned types.

-v, –verbose
Verbose mode.

-V, –version
Display version information and exit.

-h, –help
Display help text and exit.

LOOP DEVICE
The umount command will free the loop device associated with a mount
when it finds the option loop=… in /etc/mtab, or when the -d option
was given. Any still associated loop devices can be freed by using
losetup -d; see losetup(8).

EXTERNAL HELPERS
The syntax of external unmount helpers is:

umount.suffix {directory|device} [-flnrv] [-t type.subtype]

where suffix is the filesystem type (or the value from a uhelper= or
helper= marker in the mtab file). The -t option can be used for
filesystems that have subtype support. For example:

umount.fuse -t fuse.sshfs

A uhelper=something marker (unprivileged helper) can appear in the
/etc/mtab file when ordinary users need to be able to unmount a mount‐
point that is not defined in /etc/fstab (for example for a device that
was mounted by udisks(1)).

A helper=type marker in the mtab file will redirect all unmount
requests to the /sbin/umount.type helper independently of UID.

FILES
/etc/mtab
table of mounted filesystems

/etc/fstab
table of known filesystems

ENVIRONMENT
LIBMOUNT_FSTAB= overrides the default location of the fstab file (ignored for
suid)

LIBMOUNT_MTAB= overrides the default location of the mtab file (ignored for
suid)

LIBMOUNT_DEBUG=all
enables libmount debug output

SEE ALSO

umount, mount(8), losetup(8)

HISTORY
A umount command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.

AVAILABILITY
The umount command is part of the util-linux package and is available
from Linux Kernel Archive ⟨ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-
linux/⟩.

util-linux July 2014 UMOUNT(8)