update-desktop-database Man page

Resume Wikipedia de Abréviations en informatique C

C3, voir VIA C3
CA : certificate authority
CAB : Change Advisory Board (ITIL)
CAD : Computer Aided Design (Conception assistée par ordinateur) ou humoristiquement, Computer Aided Disaster
CAE : Computer-aided engineering (Ingénierie Assistée par Ordinateur)
CAM : Computer-aided manufacturing (Fabrication assistée par ordinateur)
CAN
Controller area network
Content Addressable Network
Convertisseur analogique-numérique

CAO : Conception assistée par ordinateur
CAPTCHA : Completely Automated Public Turing test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart (en français : test public de Turing complètement automatique pour différencier les humains des ordinateurs)
CAS : Central Authentication Service
CASE : Computer-aided software engineering
CBFR1252 : Code Braille FRançais Windows-1252, voir plage braille
CBISF : Code braille informatique standard français, voir plage braille
CBR : Constant bit rate
CC
C Compiler : compilateur C d’Unix.
Copie carbone
Creative Commons

CCC
Canadian computing competition (en)
Chaos Computer Club

CCTA : Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency, remplacé par OGC (voir ITIL)
CCIE : Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (en)
CD
disque compact (compact disc)
carrier detect FR : Détection de porteuse

CDC : Cult of the Dead Cow, groupe de hackers, (voir Back orifice)
CDE : Common Desktop Environment
CD-G : CD-G (compact disc + graphics)
CDMA : Code division multiple access
CDP :
Continuous data protection
Cisco Discovery Protocol

CD-R : disque compact enregistrable (compact disc recordable)
CD-ROM : Compact Disc/Read-Only Memory
CD-RW : disque compact réinscriptible (compact disc rewritable)
CERT : Computer Emergency Response Team
CERT
Computer Emergency Response Team
CERT/CC, Computer Emergency Response Team Coordination Center
United States Computer Emergency Readiness TeamUS-CERT, the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team

CF : CompactFlash, voir CompactFlash
CFG
.cfg : ConFiG : extension de nom de fichier pour fichiers de configuration
Context-free grammar, voir Grammaire hors-contexte

CFM : Cold Fusion Markup
CFT : Cross File Transfer
CG : Computer graphics, voir Synthèse d’image
CGA : Color Graphics Adapter
CGI :
Common gateway interface
Computer-generated imagery, voir Image de synthèse

CHAP : Challenge Handshake Authentification Protocol
CHAT : Conversational Hypertext Access Technology, voir Messagerie instantanée
CHS : Cylinder-head-sector (Cylindre/Tête/Secteur en français), une méthode d’adressage des secteurs d’un disque dur ou d’une disquette
CI
Circuits Intégrés
Configuration Item : élément de configuration (voir CMDB)

CICS : Customer Information Control System
CIDR : Classless Inter-Domain Routing, voir CIDR
CIFS : Common Internet File System
CIM : Common Information Model
CISC : Complex Instruction Set Computer
CLI : command-line interface (Interpréteur de commandes)
CLOS : Common LISP Object System
CLR : Common Language Runtime;
CLSID : CLasS IDentifier (Microsoft) ; pour désigner le GUID d’un objet OLE.
CLUF : Contrat de Licence Utilisateur Final
CMDB : Configuration Management Database
CMOS : Complementary-symmetry/metal-oxide semiconductor
CMS :
content management system (système de gestion de contenu)
Cross Memory Service –
Conversational Monitor System, voir CMS

CMYB : Cyan, Magenta, Yellow And Black
CN : Common Name, voir LDAP
CNAME : Canonical NAME, voir Principaux enregistrements DNS
CNLP : Connectionless Network Protocol
CNR : Communication and Networking Riser (en)
COBOL : COmmon Business-Oriented Language
codec : Compressor-Decompressor, ou Coder-Decoder, ou Compression/Decompression algorithm
COM : Component object model
CORBA : Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CORIG : COnception et Réalisation en Informatique de Gestion
COW : Copy-On-Write
CPAN : comprehensive Perl archive network
CPC : color personal computer
CP/M : Control Program/Microcomputer
CPS
caractères par seconde
Continuation-passing style (en), technique de programmation

CPU : central processing unit (Processeur)
CR : carriage return, (retour chariot)
CRC : Cyclical Redundancy Checksum ou Cyclic Redundancy Check, (Contrôle de redondance cyclique)
CRM : Customer relationship management
CRT : Cathode Ray Tube, moniteur à tube cathodique, voir Écran à tube cathodique
CRUD : Create, Read, Update et Delete.
CS : informatique (computer science)
CSMA : Carrier Sense Multiple Access
CSIRT
CSP :
cryptographic service provider, fournisseur de services cryptographiques
Credential Service Provider (en)
Constraint Satisfaction Problem (Programmation par contraintes)

CSRSS : Client/Server Run-time SubSystem (lancé par Session Manager Subsystem)
CSS :
Content Scrambling System
cascading style sheets (Feuilles de style en cascade)

CSV : valeurs séparées par des virgules (comma-separated values)
CTAN : Comprehensive TeX Archive Network
CTCP
Client-To-Client-Protocol
Compound TCP, pour Vista, algorithme qui fait partie de la pile TCP de Vista, il est conçu pour optimiser la fenêtre TCP/IP d’émission, voir (en) Bandwidth-delay product (en)

CTFMON : Common Trace Facility Monitor, il fait partie de Office, il fournit le alternate user TIP (Text Input Processor)
CVS: Concurrent versions system

Portail de l’informatique

UPDATE-DESKTOP-DATABASE(1) General Commands Manual UPDATE-DESKTOP-DATABASE(1)

NAME

update-desktop-database – Build cache database of MIME types handled by
desktop files

SYNOPSIS

update-desktop-database [-q|–quiet] [-v|–verbose] [DIRECTORY…]

DESCRIPTION

The update-desktop-database program is a tool to build a cache database
of the MIME types handled by desktop files.

The cache database contains the list of MIME types that can be handled
by desktop files, as well as, for each MIME type, a list of desktop
files that can handle this MIME type. This cache database ease the work
of applications that need to find an application that can open a docu‐
ment of a specific MIME type: those applications will not have to parse
all the desktop files existing on the system, and can instead parse
this cache database.

If no DIRECTORY is specified as argument, the desktop files that will
be processed are the ones installed in $XDG_DATA_DIRS/applications.

If both the –quiet and –verbose options are used, then –verbose will
be ignored.

OPTIONS

The following options are supported:

-q, –quiet
Do not display any information about processing and updating
progress.

-v, –verbose
Display more information about processing and updating progress.

NOTES
If an invalid MIME type is met, it will be ignored and the creation of
the cache database will continue.

The format of the cache database is a simple desktop entry format, with
a MIME Cache group, containing one key per MIME type. The key name is
the MIME type, and the key value is the list of desktop file that can
handle this MIME type.

The order of the desktop files found for a MIME type is not signifi‐
cant. Therefore, an external mechanism must be used to determine what
is the preferred desktop file for a MIME type.

EXAMPLE
Here is a simple example of a cache database:

[MIME Cache] application/x-shellscript=gedit.desktop;
text/plain=gedit.desktop;gvim.desktop;
video/webm=totem.desktop;

This cache database is created with three desktop files, each contain‐
ing a MimeType key:

gedit.desktop: MimeType=text/plain;application/x-shellscript;
gvim.desktop: MimeType=text/plain;
totem.desktop: MimeType=video/webm;

FILES
$XDG_DATA_DIRS/applications/mimeinfo.cache

This file is the cache database created by update-desktop-data‐
base.

BUGS

If you find bugs in the update-desktop-database program, please report
these on https://bugs.freedesktop.org.

FREEDESKTOP.ORG UPDATE-DESKTOP-DATABASE(1)