winedbg Man page

WINEDBG(1) Wine Developers Manual WINEDBG(1)

NAME

winedbg – Wine debugger

SYNOPSIS

winedbg [ options ] [ program_name [ program_arguments ] | wpid ]

winedbg –gdb [ options ] [ program_name [ program_arguments ] | wpid ]

winedbg –auto wpid

winedbg –minidump [ file.mdmp ] wpid

winedbg file.mdmp

DESCRIPTION

winedbg is a debugger for Wine. It allows:
+ debugging native Win32 applications
+ debugging Winelib applications
+ being a drop-in replacement for Dr Watson

MODES
winedbg can be used in five modes. The first argument to the program
determines the mode winedbg will run in.

default
Without any explicit mode, this is standard winedbg operating
mode. winedbg will act as the front end for the user.

–gdb winedbg will be used as a proxy for gdb. gdb will be the front
end for command handling, and winedbg will proxy all debugging
requests from gdb to the Win32 APIs.

–auto This mode is used when winedbg is set up in AeDebug registry
entry as the default debugger. winedbg will then display basic
information about a crash. This is useful for users who don’t
want to debug a crash, but rather gather relevant information
about the crash to be sent to developers.

–minidump
This mode is similar to the –auto one, except that instead of
printing the information on the screen (as –auto does), it’s
saved into a minidump file. The name of the file is either
passed on the command line, or generated by WineDbg when none is
given. This file could later on be reloaded into winedbg for
further examination.

file.mdmp
In this mode winedbg reloads the state of a debuggee which has
been saved into a minidump file. See either the minidump command
below, or the –minidump mode.

OPTIONS

When in default mode, the following options are available:

–command string
winedbg will execute the command string as if it was keyed on
winedbg command line, and then will exit. This can be handy for
getting the pid of running processes (winedbg –command “info
proc”).

–file filename
winedbg will execute the list of commands contained in file
filename as if they were keyed on winedbg command line, and then
will exit.

When in gdb proxy mode, the following options are available:

–no-start
gdb will not be automatically started. Relevant information for
starting gdb are printed on screen. This is somehow useful when
not directly using gdb but some graphical front-ends, like ddd
or kgbd.

–with-xterm
This will run gdb in its own xterm instead of using the current
Unix console for textual display.

In all modes, the rest of the command line, when passed, is used to
identify which programs, if any, has to debugged:

program_name
This is the name of an executable to start for a debugging ses‐
sion. winedbg will actually create a process with this exe‐
cutable. If programs_arguments are also given, they will be used
as arguments for creating the process to be debugged.

wpid winedbg will attach to the process which Windows pid is wpid.
Use the info proc command within winedbg to list running pro‐
cesses and their Windows pids.

default
If nothing is specified, you will enter the debugger without any
run nor attached process. You’ll have to do the job yourself.

COMMANDS
Default mode, and while reloading a minidump file:
Most of commands used in winedbg are similar to the ones from gdb.
Please refer to the gdb documentations for some more details. See the
gdb differences section later on to get a list of variations from gdb
commands.

Misc. commands

abort Aborts the debugger.

quit Exits the debugger.

attach N
Attach to a Wine process (N is its Windows ID, numeric or hexa‐
decimal). IDs can be obtained using the info process command.
Note the info process command returns hexadecimal values

detach Detach from a Wine-process.

Help commands

help Prints some help on the commands.

help info
Prints some help on info commands

Flow control commands

cont Continue execution until next breakpoint or exception.

pass Pass the exception event up to the filter chain.

step Continue execution until next C line of code (enters function
call)

next Continue execution until next C line of code (doesn’t enter
function call)

stepi Execute next assembly instruction (enters function call)

nexti Execute next assembly instruction (doesn’t enter function call)

finish Execute until return of current function is reached.

cont, step, next, stepi, nexti can be postfixed by a number (N), mean‐
ing that the command must be executed N times before control is
returned to the user.

Breakpoints, watchpoints

enable N
Enables (break|watch)-point N

disable N
Disables (break|watch)-point N

delete N
Deletes (break|watch)-point N

cond N Removes any existing condition to (break|watch)-point N

cond N expr
Adds condition expr to (break|watch)-point N. expr will be eval‐
uated each time the (break|watch)-point is hit. If the result is
a zero value, the breakpoint isn’t triggered.

break * N
Adds a breakpoint at address N

break id
Adds a breakpoint at the address of symbol id

break id N
Adds a breakpoint at the line N inside symbol id.

break N
Adds a breakpoint at line N of current source file.

break Adds a breakpoint at current PC address.

watch * N
Adds a watch command (on write) at address N (on 4 bytes).

watch id
Adds a watch command (on write) at the address of symbol id.
Size depends on size of id.

rwatch * N
Adds a watch command (on read) at address N (on 4 bytes).

rwatch id
Adds a watch command (on read) at the address of symbol id. Size
depends on size of id.

info break
Lists all (break|watch)-points (with their state).

You can use the symbol EntryPoint to stand for the entry point of the
Dll.

When setting a (break|watch)-point by id, if the symbol cannot be found
(for example, the symbol is contained in a not yet loaded module),
winedbg will recall the name of the symbol and will try to set the
breakpoint each time a new module is loaded (until it succeeds).

Stack manipulation

bt Print calling stack of current thread.

bt N Print calling stack of thread of ID N. Note: this doesn’t change
the position of the current frame as manipulated by the up & dn
commands).

up Goes up one frame in current thread’s stack

up N Goes up N frames in current thread’s stack

dn Goes down one frame in current thread’s stack

dn N Goes down N frames in current thread’s stack

frame N
Sets N as the current frame for current thread’s stack.

info locals
Prints information on local variables for current function
frame.

Directory & source file manipulation

show dir
Prints the list of dirs where source files are looked for.

dir pathname
Adds pathname to the list of dirs where to look for source files

dir Deletes the list of dirs where to look for source files

symbolfile pathname
Loads external symbol definition file pathname

symbolfile pathname N
Loads external symbol definition file pathname (applying an off‐
set of N to addresses)

list Lists 10 source lines forwards from current position.

list – Lists 10 source lines backwards from current position

list N Lists 10 source lines from line N in current file

list pathname:N
Lists 10 source lines from line N in file pathname

list id
Lists 10 source lines of function id

list * N
Lists 10 source lines from address N

You can specify the end target (to change the 10 lines value) using the
‘,’ separator. For example:

list 123, 234
lists source lines from line 123 up to line 234 in current file

list foo.c:1,56
lists source lines from line 1 up to 56 in file foo.c

Displaying

A display is an expression that’s evaluated and printed after the exe‐
cution of any winedbg command.

display

info display
Lists the active displays

display expr
Adds a display for expression expr

display /fmt expr
Adds a display for expression expr. Printing evaluated expr is
done using the given format (see print command for more on for‐
mats)

del display N

undisplay N
Deletes display N

Disassembly

disas Disassemble from current position

disas expr
Disassemble from address expr

disas expr,expr
Disassembles code between addresses specified by the two expres‐
sions

Memory (reading, writing, typing)

x expr Examines memory at address expr

x /fmt expr
Examines memory at address expr using format fmt

print expr
Prints the value of expr (possibly using its type)

print /fmt expr
Prints the value of expr (possibly using its type)

set var = expr
Writes the value of expr in var variable

whatis expr
Prints the C type of expression expr

fmt is either letter or count letter, where letter can be:

s an ASCII string

u a UTF16 Unicode string

i instructions (disassemble)

x 32-bit unsigned hexadecimal integer

d 32-bit signed decimal integer

w 16-bit unsigned hexadecimal integer

c character (only printable 0x20-0x7f are actually printed)

b 8-bit unsigned hexadecimal integer

g Win32 GUID

Expressions

Expressions in Wine Debugger are mostly written in a C form. However,
there are a few discrepancies:

Identifiers can take a ‘!’ in their names. This allows mainly to
specify a module where to look the ID from, e.g. USER32!CreateWin‐
dowExA.

In a cast operation, when specifying a structure or a union, you
must use the struct or union keyword (even if your program uses a
typedef).

When specifying an identifier, if several symbols with this name exist,
the debugger will prompt for the symbol you want to use. Pick up the
one you want from its number.

Misc.

minidump file.mdmp saves the debugging context of the debuggee into a
minidump file called file.mdmp.

Information on Wine internals

info class
Lists all Windows classes registered in Wine

info class id
Prints information on Windows class id

info share
Lists all the dynamic libraries loaded in the debugged program
(including .so files, NE and PE DLLs)

info share N
Prints information on module at address N

info regs
Prints the value of the CPU registers

info all-regs
Prints the value of the CPU and Floating Point registers

info segment
Lists all allocated segments (i386 only)

info segment N
Prints information on segment N (i386 only)

info stack
Prints the values on top of the stack

info map
Lists all virtual mappings used by the debugged program

info map N
Lists all virtual mappings used by the program of Windows pid N

info wnd
Displays the window hierarchy starting from the desktop window

info wnd N
Prints information of Window of handle N

info process
Lists all w-processes in Wine session

info thread
Lists all w-threads in Wine session

info frame
Lists the exception frames (starting from current stack frame).
You can also pass, as optional argument, a thread id (instead of
current thread) to examine its exception frames.

Debug messages can be turned on and off as you are debugging using the
set command, but only for channels initialized with the WINEDEBUG envi‐
ronment variable.

set warn + win
Turns on warn on win channel

set + win
Turns on warn/fixme/err/trace on win channel

set – win
Turns off warn/fixme/err/trace on win channel

set fixme – all
Turns off fixme class on all channels

Gdb mode:
See the gdb documentation for all the gdb commands.

However, a few Wine extensions are available, through the monitor com‐
mand:

monitor wnd
Lists all windows in the Wine session

monitor proc
Lists all processes in the Wine session

monitor mem
Displays memory mapping of debugged process

Auto and minidump modes:
Since no user input is possible, no commands are available.

ENVIRONMENT
WINE_GDB
When used in gdb proxy mode, WINE_GDB specifies the name (and
the path) of the executable to be used for gdb. “gdb” is used by
default.

AUTHORS
The first version was written by Eric Youngdale.

See Wine developers list for the rest of contributors.

BUGS

Bugs can be reported on the Wine bug tracker ⟨http://bugs.winehq.org⟩.

AVAILABILITY
winedbg is part of the Wine distribution, which is available through
WineHQ, the Wine development headquarters ⟨http://www.winehq.org/⟩.

SEE ALSO

wine,
Wine documentation and support ⟨http://www.winehq.org/help⟩.

Wine 1.6.2 October 2005 WINEDBG(1)

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