ZIC(8) Linux System Administration ZIC(8)
zic – timezone compiler
zic [ -v ] [ -d directory ] [ -l localtime ] [ -p posixrules ] [ -L
leapsecondfilename ] [ -s ] [ -y command ] [ filename … ]
Zic reads text from the file(s) named on the command line and creates
the time conversion information files specified in this input. If a
filename is -, the standard input is read.
These options are available:
Create time conversion information files in the named directory
rather than in the standard directory named below.
Use the given timezone as local time. Zic will act as if the
input contained a link line of the form
Link timezone localtime
Use the given timezone’s rules when handling POSIX-format time‐
zone environment variables. Zic will act as if the input con‐
tained a link line of the form
Link timezone posixrules
Read leap second information from the file with the given name.
If this option is not used, no leap second information appears
in output files.
-v Complain if a year that appears in a data file is outside the
range of years representable by time values.
-s Limit time values stored in output files to values that are the
same whether they’re taken to be signed or unsigned. You can
use this option to generate SVVS-compatible files.
Use the given command rather than yearistype when checking year
types (see below).
Input lines are made up of fields. Fields are separated from one
another by any number of white space characters. Leading and trailing
white space on input lines is ignored. An unquoted sharp character (#)
in the input introduces a comment which extends to the end of the line
the sharp character appears on. White space characters and sharp char‐
acters may be enclosed in double quotes (“) if they’re to be used as
part of a field. Any line that is blank (after comment stripping) is
ignored. Nonblank lines are expected to be of one of three types: rule
lines, zone lines, and link lines.
A rule line has the form
Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule US 1967 1973 – Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
The fields that make up a rule line are:
NAME Gives the (arbitrary) name of the set of rules this rule is
FROM Gives the first year in which the rule applies. Any integer
year can be supplied; the Gregorian calendar is assumed. The
word minimum (or an abbreviation) means the minimum year repre‐
sentable as an integer. The word maximum (or an abbreviation)
means the maximum year representable as an integer. Rules can
describe times that are not representable as time values, with
the unrepresentable times ignored; this allows rules to be por‐
table among hosts with differing time value types.
TO Gives the final year in which the rule applies. In addition to
minimum and maximum (as above), the word only (or an abbrevia‐
tion) may be used to repeat the value of the FROM field.
TYPE Gives the type of year in which the rule applies. If TYPE is
-, then the rule applies in all years between FROM and TO
inclusive. If TYPE is something else, then zic executes the
yearistype year type
to check the type of a year: an exit status of zero is taken to
mean that the year is of the given type; an exit status of one
is taken to mean that the year is not of the given type.
IN Names the month in which the rule takes effect. Month names
may be abbreviated.
ON Gives the day on which the rule takes effect. Recognized forms
5 the fifth of the month
lastSun the last Sunday in the month
lastMon the last Monday in the month
Sun>=8 first Sunday on or after the eighth
Sun<=25 last Sunday on or before the 25th Names of days of the week may be abbreviated or spelled out in full. Note that there must be no spaces within the ON field. AT Gives the time of day at which the rule takes effect. Recog‐ nized forms include: 2 time in hours 2:00 time in hours and minutes 15:00 24-hour format time (for times after noon) 1:28:14 time in hours, minutes, and seconds - equivalent to 0 where hour 0 is midnight at the start of the day, and hour 24 is midnight at the end of the day. Any of these forms may be followed by the letter w if the given time is local "wall clock" time, s if the given time is local "standard" time, or u (or g or z) if the given time is universal time; in the absence of an indicator, wall clock time is assumed. SAVE Gives the amount of time to be added to local standard time when the rule is in effect. This field has the same format as the AT field (although, of course, the w and s suffixes are not used). LETTER/S Gives the "variable part" (for example, the "S" or "D" in "EST" or "EDT") of timezone abbreviations to be used when this rule is in effect. If this field is -, the variable part is null. A zone line has the form Zone NAME UTCOFF RULES/SAVE FORMAT [UNTIL] For example: Zone Australia/Adelaide 9:30 Aus CST 1971 Oct 31 2:00 The fields that make up a zone line are: NAME The name of the timezone. This is the name used in creating the time conversion information file for the zone. UTCOFF The amount of time to add to UTC to get standard time in this zone. This field has the same format as the AT and SAVE fields of rule lines; begin the field with a minus sign if time must be subtracted from UTC. RULES/SAVE The name of the rule(s) that apply in the timezone or, alter‐ nately, an amount of time to add to local standard time. If this field is -, then standard time always applies in the timezone. FORMAT The format for timezone abbreviations in this timezone. The pair of characters %s is used to show where the "variable part" of the timezone abbreviation goes. Alternately, a slash (/) separates standard and daylight abbreviations. UNTIL The time at which the UTC offset or the rule(s) change for a location. It is specified as a year, a month, a day, and a time of day. If this is specified, the timezone information is gener‐ ated from the given UTC offset and rule change until the time specified. The month, day, and time of day have the same format as the IN, ON, and AT columns of a rule; trailing columns can be omitted, and default to the earliest possible value for the miss‐ ing columns. The next line must be a "continuation" line; this has the same form as a zone line except that the string "Zone" and the name are omitted, as the continuation line will place information starting at the time specified as the UNTIL field in the previous line in the file used by the previous line. Continuation lines may contain an UNTIL field, just as zone lines do, indicating that the next line is a further continuation. A link line has the form Link LINK-FROM LINK-TO For example: Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul The LINK-FROM field should appear as the NAME field in some zone line; the LINK-TO field is used as an alternate name for that zone. Except for continuation lines, lines may appear in any order in the input. Lines in the file that describes leap seconds have the following form: Leap YEAR MONTH DAY HH:MM:SS CORR R/S For example: Leap 1974 Dec 31 23:59:60 + S The YEAR, MONTH, DAY, and HH:MM:SS fields tell when the leap second happened. The CORR field should be "+" if a second was added or "-" if a second was skipped. The R/S field should be (an abbreviation of) "Stationary" if the leap second time given by the other fields should be interpreted as UTC or (an abbreviation of) "Rolling" if the leap second time given by the other fields should be interpreted as local wall clock time. FILES /usr/local/etc/zoneinfo Standard directory used for created files. NOTES For areas with more than two types of local time, you may need to use local standard time in the AT field of the earliest transition time's rule to ensure that the earliest transition time recorded in the com‐ piled file is correct.
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